Philippine History and Culture of ARTS

Topics: Art, Expressionism, Modern art Pages: 22 (441 words) Published: December 9, 2014
Philippine History and Cul

History of Art

18 Century

• Earliest among the collection are reli
gious in themes and composed of 18t
century icons and images created b
y local artisans under the tutelage of
the friars. The devotional pieces of th
e collection are of outstanding signif

• In the succeeding American period, F
ernando C. Amorsolo, who was later
declared as the First National Artist, r
ose into fame and established his ow
n style or “school” which was largely
characterized by countryside scenery
with golden sunlight.

• The period is represented by the proli
feration of genre themes, landscapes
and still lifes as well as the emergenc
e of pre-modernism.

• Artists represented in the collection:
Victorio Edades, Diosdado Lorenzo, Galo O
campo, Carlos Francisco, Gabriel Custodio,
Vicente Manansala, Ricarte Purruganan, R
omeo Tabuena, and others.

• A suspension on artistic activity was prev
alent during the Japanese occupation. Ho
wever, some visual artists still managed t
o produce artworks based on the atrocitie
s brought by the war.
• Artists represented in the collection:
Dominador Castaned, Demetrio Diego, Diosdad
o Lorenzo, Romeo Tabuena, Gene Cabrera and o

• After the Japanese occupation, the art co
mmunity sprang back to life. Various the
mes and styles were explored and pionee
red by Filipino artists who gained experie
nce abroad.
• Mural painting emerged, spearheaded by
Carlos Francisco. Art Association of the Ph
ilippines(AAP) was established in 1948.

• The Philippines Art Gallery (PAG) was
founded with young modernists as th
e leading fgures. Emergence of differ
ent schools of thought

• Most of the artists in the 1960’s conti
nued to produce important works in t
his period. Emergence of different m
ovements such as People’s Art of Art
for the Masses, Protest Art, Social Re
alism, and the institutionalization of t
he National Artist Award(1972).

• The period is characterized by a reviv
al of traditional art and ethnic art. Co
ntemporary sculpture became an int
egral part of buildings and parks.

• New generation of painters, sculptors
and printmakers expressing their per
sonal feelings and expressions emerg
ed. Great art movement in Europe an
d the Americas gained entry to the lo
cal scene such as installation art and
experimental art. Galleries and muse
ums were institutionalized spearhead
ing activities in the cultural scene.

• Philippine art has come a long way, fr
om the primitive ingenuity of the Filip
inos to the present avante-garde arti
sts exploring all possible techniques
and schools ranging from the traditio
nalists, representationalists, abstracti
onists, abstract expressionists, fgura
tive expressionists, non-objectivists a
nd other forms of -isms.

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