These are the settings in the Spaniards colonization:
The Filipinos are required to pay a TRIBUTO or TRIBUTE (TAX).
FORCED LABOR is established under the Spaniards government. It is where the male Filipinos 16-60 of age were required to work for the government for 40 days in one year.
They were assigned to build or repair roads and bridges
Sometimes, they would be assigned to work on a shipyards or foundries or to cut timber in the forest.
They were also used as soldiers or sailors.
The law required that the worker should be given a nominal salary and to have a free rice rations, but then the officials of the Spaniards government were corrupt and ignored the law.
They pocketed the salaries and the rice rations were distributed to them.
Another burden imposed on Filipinos was the BANDALA.
It is a compulsory sale by the Filipino farmers of their farm products to the Spaniards.
This system was being abused also by the Spaniards, their goods were undervalued and in many cases their products were not even paid for.
The Spaniards introduced Western or European system of education wherein the principal aim of the education in the Philippines during Spanish regime was to make the Filipinos obedient to them and to be a god fearing Christians.
Spaniards established many other systems which are only for their own good. The Filipinos became slaves for a long time. They abused the Filipinos. They were also being maltreated by the Spaniards. Others are being killed. By the help of our great men and some Americans, the Philippines became free from the hands of the Spanish. And this is the end of the Spanish regime.
The United States had a different approach in colonizing the Philippines. The Americans considered educating the Filipinos as one of their top priorities in The Philippines. They treated the Filipinos like their friends.
These are the settings in the American colonization:
The Americans built schools in the City.
Because the Filipinos were hungry for education, they flocked to public and private schools in large numbers.
They teach English language to the Filipinos. (The American soldiers were the first teachers of the Filipinos.)
They established the Philippine public school system.
It provided for free primary education and the establishment of a school to train Filipino teachers.
They gave the bright young Filipino students an opportunity to take up higher education in American universities and colleges.
They introduced Protestantism (It did not gain wide acceptance maybe because Filipinos were deeply believed in Catholicism).
They also established Aglipayan Church (Independent Church).
The economic development of the Philippines progressed.
But then some lands are being irrigated. The trees were being cut and the land is being built by buildings and establishments.
They established free trade system which is the TARRIFF ACT.
The Philippine products could enter the U.S. without paying any duties or taxes.
They made several improvements in the city such as the bridges, buildings, roads and many more.
They also introduces machineries, vehicles or transportation facilities and also for communication.
They promoted social well being of the Filipinos.
They promoted the public health and sanitation to the Filipinos.
They sent private American organizations to give aide to the victims of natural calamities.
They also established charitable institutions to help the disabled people and who are less fortunate.
It is to the everlasting credit and honor to the Americans that unlike the other colonial powers, they did not abused or exploited its colonial possession. Instead, they did their best to improve the life of the Filipino people. They educated the Filipinos. They treated the Filipinos well and give us the freedom we are longing for.
To win the Filipino loyalty, the Japanese tried to change or erase the traces of the American influence in the Philippines. They also tried to make friends with the Filipinos.
These are the settings in the Japanese colonization:
They ordered the changing of the American names of the streets, towns, buildings to either Filipino or Japanese names.
The Japanese launched an intensive propaganda campaign to win the loyalty and support of the Filipinos.
They extolled the virtues of Japan and its culture.
They pictured themselves as the true friends of the Filipinos while the Americans were their enemies.
They made the Japanese language (Nippongo) as a compulsory subject in all school.
The Japanese did not get the loyalty of the Filipinos that’s why the Japanese treated the Filipino harshly.
They alienated the Filipinos.
The life of the Filipinos became difficult on the hands of the Japanese.
They issued several rules which they enforced with harshness.
Violations meant by slapping from the Japanese soldiers, arrest, torture and worse is death.
They took from Filipinos whatever they wanted.
Many Filipino women were forcibly made into “comfort women” to serve the sexual needs of the Japanese soldiers.
Food shortage happened because the farmers are forced to abandon their farm or land to escape from the Japanese brutality.
The Japanese occupation in the Philippines created a trauma to the Filipinos. The way they maltreated the Filipinos, some others were killed and women are being abused sexually by the Japanese. The Japanese occupation only last for almost 3 years, by the help of Gen. Douglas Mc Arthur-an American general, the Japanese forcedly leave the Philippines.