Top-Rated Free Essay

Philippine History

Good Essays
Are you a filipino? First and foremost, you have to study and understand the history of the philippines. They won't tell you the whys and the hows in history book. Like any other history, you have to find out and understand their cultures beofre we can pas any judgement on them.

1. Philippines consist of about 7100 islands. The inhabitants of the Philippines consist of different races with different languages. Geographical and geological factor are some of the reason why the filipinos don't have unity before and after the spaniards colonization. The Spaniards also have devided and conquered the Philippines because of this lack of unity.

2. Why the spaniards are against education of the filipinos? It's actually common sense, education leads to learning. When people are educated, they have the means to fight the conquerors.

3. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 cut travel time to Spain. This prompted the rise of the ilustrados, an enlightened Filipino upper class, since many young Filipinos were able to study in Europe.

4. Secularization is a process of transformation as a society slowly migrates from close identification with the local institutions of religion to a more clearly separated relationship. It is a contentious term because the concept of secularization can be confused with secularism, a philosophical and political movement that promotes the idea that society benefits by being less religious, whereas the opposing view is that the values and beliefs implicit in religions support a more moral and, therefore, better society. This leads to Filipinization because filipino tends to see themselves more of a filipino than a Ilocano, Visayan, Tagalog, etc.

5. Gomburza is an acronym for Fathers Mariano Gómez, José Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, three Filipino priests who were executed on February 17, 1872 by Spanish colonial authorities on trumped-up charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny. Their unjust execution enraged and left a profound and bitter effect on many Filipinos, especially José Rizal, the national hero, who, himself, was to suffer martyrdom.

The uprising by workers in the Cavite Naval Yard was apparently just the pretext needed by the authorities to redress a perceived humiliation from the principal objective, Father Jose Burgos, a rising star who, by dint of intellectual gifts and scholastic achievement, threatened the established order.

During the Spanish colonial period, rigid class dinstinctions were effectively observed between Peninsular Spaniards, those born in Spain or 'Peninsulares,' those born in the colony of Peninsular parents, or 'Insulares,' those born in the Philippines of mixed Spanish blood or Spanish Mestizos, Chinese and Chinese Mestizos, and, finally, Indios (Natives). Father Burgos was Spanish Mestizo, a Doctor of Philosophy whose prominence extended even in Spain, such that when the new Governor and Captain-General Carlos Maria de la Torre arrived from Spain to assume his duties, he invited Father Burgos to sit beside him in his carriage during the inaugural procession, a place traditionally reserved for the Archbishop and who, as expected, was a Peninsular Spaniard. The arrival of the liberal governor de la Torre was not welcomed by the ruling minority of friars, regular priests who belonged to an order (Dominicans, Augustinians, Recollects, Franciscans) and their minions in civil government, but mistakenly embraced by the secular priests, majority of these Mestizos and natives or Indios assigned to parishes and far-flung communities, who believed the reforms and the equality they sought with Peninsular Spaniards were at hand. In less than two years de la Torre was replaced by Izquierdo who turned out to be a pliant tool of the friars.

The so-called Cavite Mutiny of workers in the arsenal in the naval shipyard over pay reduction owing to increased taxation produced a willing witness to implicate the three priests, who were summarily tried and sentenced to death by 'garrote.' Father Gómez, the oldest, went to his death heroically. Father Zamora, the youngest, guileless and totally befuddled, died with a whimper. Father Burgos, hoping for a reprieve which never came and scanning the distance till the very last moment, met his death soaked in his own tears. Significantly, in the archives of Spain, there is no record of how Izquierdo, himself a liberal, could have been influenced to authorize these executions. The aftermath of the witchhunt produced scores of suspects most of whom were exiled to Guam in the Marianas, who, except a few who managed to escape to other ports like Hong Kong, died there in penury. It was a period when a pall of hopelessness enveloped the country, steeling the resolve and patriotism of a sentient minority, giving rise to a new generation of heroes of whom the Rizal family was to become the standard bearer.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Philippine History

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages

    l PHILIPPINE HISTORY : ITS HERITAGE A partial fulfillment of the requirements in History 1A (Philippine History) 2:30 – 3:30 Room TEC 211 Submitted to : Professor Leah S. Baclaan Submitted by : Jodynn Olaya Shirly Tabotabo TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1 Statement of the Problem 2 - 3 Presentation of Datas 4 – 13 References 14 Introduction This project is the product of our intelligence and creativity. This is made because we want…

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    History of Philippines

    • 2505 Words
    • 11 Pages

    The History of the Philippines The archipelago of the Philippine is made up of over 7,100 islands and lies off the south coast of Taiwan and its Southeastern neighbors, Malaysia and Indonesia (Kittler & Sucher, 2000). The nation is surrounded by the South China Sea on the west and by the Pacific Ocean on the east. The Filipinos are descendants of migrants from Southeast Asia such as Indonesia and Malaysia who came to the islands in successive waves over many centuries and largely displaced…

    • 2505 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of the Philippines

    • 14659 Words
    • 44 Pages

    History of the Philippines From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Part of a series on the Culture of Philippines History Languages Traditions Mythology and folklore[show] Cuisine Festivals Religion Literature Music and performing arts[show] Media[show] Sport[show] Monuments[show] Symbols[show] Philippines portal v t e Part of a series on the History of the Philippines Prehistory (pre-900)[show] Classical Period (900–1521)[show] Spanish Period (1521–1898)[show] American Period (1898–1946)[show]…

    • 14659 Words
    • 44 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    history in philippines

    • 1447 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Summary: Unhistorical Data There are some narratives that have been previously accepted in Philippine History as facts but later were found out to be historical errors. Maragtas It is the story about ten Malay datu from Borneo who settled into the Philippine Islands. According to the Maragtas at around 1250 A.D., ten Bornean Datu left their kingdom in search of new homes across the sea to escape the merciless rule of Sultan Makatunaw. Led by Datu Puti, the Borneans landed in the island of Panay and…

    • 1447 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    philippine history

    • 1766 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The history of the Philippines can be divided into four distinct phases: the pre-Spanish period (before 1521); the Spanish period (1521-1898); the American period (1898-1946); and the post-independence period (1946-present). Pre-Spanish Period The first people in the Philippines, the Negritos, are believed to have come to the islands 30,000 years ago from Borneo and Sumatra, making their way across then-existing land bridges. According to popular belief, Malays subsequently came from the south…

    • 1766 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of the Philippines The history of the Philippines is believed to have begun with the arrival of the first humans using rafts or primitive boats, at least 67,000 years ago as the 2007 discovery of Callao Man showed. Spanish colonization and settlement began with the arrival of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi's expedition on February 13, 1565 who established the first permanent settlement of San Miguel on the island of Cebu. The expedition continued northward reaching the bay of Manila on the island…

    • 601 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    History of Philippines

    • 384 Words
    • 2 Pages

    History of the Philippines: People first reached the Philippines about 30,000 years ago, when the Negritos immigrated from Sumatra and Borneo via boats or land-bridges. They were followed by Malays, then Chinese beginning in the ninth century, and Spaniards in the sixteenth. Ferdinand Magellan claimed the Philippines for Spain in 1521. During the next 300 years, Spanish Jesuit priests and conquistadors spread Catholicism and Spanish culture across the archipelago, with particular strength on the…

    • 384 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Philippine History

    • 1548 Words
    • 7 Pages

    A Brief History of the Philippines from a Filipino Perspective Pre-Colonial Period The oldest human fossil remains are found in Palawan, on the western fringe of the archipelago. These remains are about 30,000 years old, suggesting that the first human migrations to the islands took palce during the last Ice Age, when land bridiges connected the archipelago to mainland Asia and Borneo. The islands were eventually inhabited by different groups that developed domestic trade linkages. The archaelogical…

    • 1548 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Philippine History

    • 2937 Words
    • 12 Pages

    Philippine History Early History -The Negritos are believed to have migrated to the Philippines some 30,000 years ago from Borneo, Sumatra, and Malaya. The Malayans followed in successive waves. These people belonged to a primitive epoch of Malayan culture, which has apparently survived to this day among certain groups such as the Igorots. The Malayan tribes that came later had more highly developed material cultures. In the 14th cent. Arab traders from Malay and Borneo introduced Islam into the…

    • 2937 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Philippine History

    • 2315 Words
    • 10 Pages

    THE SETTING (CHAPTER 1) The Philippines is an archipelago consisting of more than 7,000 islands and islets stretching almost a thousand miles from north to south. * Land Surface – is 114,830 square statute miles and is criss-crossed with mountains and drained by small river systems. Mountain System Three large ranges in the mountain system of Luzon * Caraballo del Sur – forms the nucleus of the system, has its highest peak at the intersection of the boundaries of Abra, Ilocos Norte…

    • 2315 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Good Essays