Overview of Philippines and Southeast Asia
"History is concerned with understanding the temporal dimension of human experience (time and chronology). Geography is concerned with understanding the spatial dimension of human experience (space and place)." - National Geography Standards
Southeast Asia is a sub-region of Asia bounded by the Indian subcontinent to the west China to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the east. Southeast Asia has 11 countries, namely: Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. Indonesia is the largest archipelago.
Philippines is an island nation located in the cultural sub-region of Southeast Asia between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam. According to the geography of Philippines, the country is made up of 7,107 islands, with a total area of 300,000 sq km. Three major bodies of water surround the country: The Pacific Ocean in the east, the South China Sea in the West, and the Celebes Sea in the South. An important feature of the geography of Philippines is that the country is part of a western Pacific arc system which is characterized by active volcanoes. All the islands of the country are susceptible to earthquakes. The country's closest neighboring countries are Taiwan to the north and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south. The country's capital city is Manila located on Luzon Island.
The Philippines archipelago is composed of three physical regions, namely: Luzon (the largest island) in the north, the Visayas (a group of islands at the center of the archipelago), and Mindanao (the second largest island) in the south.
Philippines and Southeast Asia
What Composes the Philippine Territory?
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the insular shelves, and other submarine areas. The waters around, between, and connecting the islands of the archipelago, regardless of their breadth and dimensions, form part of the internal waters of the Philippines.
Does the Philippines have different climates?
The Philippines has a tropical marine climate type climate, with the northeast monsoon (Amihan) occurring from November to April, and the southwest monsoon (Habagat) from May to October yearly. The country lies along the Pacific typhoon belt, and is exposed to cyclonic storms and typhoons, affecting mostly the Northern and Eastern parts of the archipelago.
* The Philippines has primarily 2 distinct seasons: the wet and dry. * The dry season starts in December and lasts until May.
* The wet season starts from June until November.
* About 19 to 30 typhoons occur yearly coming either from the Pacific Ocean or the South China Sea.
Physical Features of the Philippines
The country’s natural resources include agricultural land, timber, minerals, and marine resources.
* Among them are Laguna de Bay, Taal Lake, Lumbo Lake in Agusan del Norte, Mainit Lake in Surigao del Norte, and Sultan Lake in Lanao
Philippine Political Regions
The Philippines government is a constitutional democracy with a centralized structure based at the National Capital Region (NCR). The entire country is composed of 17 regions, including the two autonomous regions, both Luzon and Mindanao.
NCR (National Capital Region) - all the major industrial products above except ship but no agricultural and mineral products
CAR (Cordillera Administrative Region) - Fruits and vegetables, cut flowers, coffee, sweet potato, gold, copper, home-made processed food like strawberry jams, carved wooden...
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