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PHILIPPINE HISTORY : ITS HERITAGE

A partial fulfillment of the requirements in
History 1A (Philippine History)

2:30 – 3:30 Room TEC 211
Submitted to : Professor Leah S. Baclaan
Submitted by : Jodynn Olaya Shirly Tabotabo

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction 1 Statement of the Problem 2 - 3 Presentation of Datas 4 – 13 References 14

Introduction

This project is the product of our intelligence and creativity. This is made because we want to share our knowledge about the tragic yet beautiful history of our beloved country, Philippines.

We hope that every student would value and protect our history and help improve the unity of our country. As what a saying says,
“Ang taong hindi marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan, ay hindi makakarating sa paroroonan.”

Most of all, this project would answer our questions like : why ? and how ? it all happened. We would know what happened during that successful Battle of Mactan between Lapu-lapu and the Spaniards that is led by Ferdinand Magellan. We would also know the contributions of Spain and America to our country.

Enjoy and we hope that you would learn something.

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1. What were the general traits and characteristics of the early Filipinos that are still evident in todays contemporary Pinoy ?
Š
2. How did the conflict between the two chieftains of Mactan began ?
Š
3. What were the cultural, social, and political aspects that we Filipinos inherited from our history ?
Š
4. How did Lapu-lapu won the battle over Magellan ?
Š
5. When Philippines were exposed to the world commerce in the 19th century, how did it affect the ideology and social thinking of the Filipino?

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6. Why did Magellan refused the help of Humabon ?
Š
7. What are the significant impact of Americans to the socio-political development and evolution of the Filipinos ?
Š
8. Why do the Spaniards want to colonize the Philippines ?
Š
9. Where and how did Ferdinand Magellan acquire his native translator ?
Š
10. How did Magellan died ?

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1. What were the general traits and characteristics of the early Filipinos that are still evident in todays contemporary Pinoy ?

We, Filipinos are always honest in what we do. We respect elders and take care of our family. Filipinos are nationalistic. We are also known for being kind and hospitable to everyone that we encounter in our life. Most of all, Filipinos are faithful. Everytime that we have problems or not, we always seek help and thank our Heavenly father for the blessings that He has given us.

I guess this traits and characteristics still exist in every veins in the body of every Filipinos of today.

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2. Why did Magellan interfere in the quarrel of the two Mactan chieftains?

On the same day that Magellan was converting the Cebuanos into Christianity, a quarrel between the two chiefs of the neighboring island of Mactan occurred. Rajah Sula asked for Magellans help to defeat his rival,Rajah Si Lapu-Lapu, who Sula said, refused to recognize the King of Spain as his king. Upon hearing that, Magellan with some sixty men, embarked to Mactan to punish LapuLLapu.

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3. What were the cultural, social, and political aspects that we Filipinos inherited from Spaniards ?

Spaniards introduced Christianity to our country. Family life during the Spanish period was simple and wholesome because of Christianity. Although Spanish did not become the national language of the country, it has enriched the national language called Pilipino. Hospitals and orphanage was also built during this period because of the humanitarian influence of Christianization. Most of all, FIESTAS and HOLIDAYS wa introduced by Spain in the Phillipines.

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4. How did Lapu-lapu won the battle over Magellan ? With bolos, arrows and spears with fire-hardened bamboo tips, Lapu-lapuand his men fought them and wounded Magellan. The Spaniards retreated, leaving their wounded commander. Seeing this,Lapu-lapu 's men swarmed over Magellan and showered him with spears. Thus died Magellan, the first man to go around the world.

With his brilliant victory, Lapu-lapu rose to fame as the first champion of Filipino freedom. He was the first hero tore pulse Western aggression against the Filipinos.

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5. How did the fight between the two chieftains of Mactan began?

It is generally assumed that Humabon and Lapu Lapu held grudges towards each other and were relentlessly fighting for control of land. Humabon, impressed by Magellan 's armament consisting of guns, swords, body armor, 12 cannons, and 50 crossbows, persuaded Magellan to go to the nearby island of Mactan and kill his rival Lapu-Lapu. The battle of Mactan occurred in April 27, 1521.

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6. Why did Magellan refused the help of Humabon ?

Magellan was so sure that he could defeat Lapu-lapu with the help of his men and the armament consisting of guns, swords, body armor, 12 cannons, and 50 crossbows.

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7. What are the significant impact of Americans to the socio-political development and evolution of the Filipinos ?

The greatest legacy of America to the Filipino people is democracy, just as Christianity is Spain’s greatest legacy to us. The Americans came to train, and the Filipinos proved avid learners the democratic ways and institutions. Men and women learned to adress each other as “Mr.” and “Miss”. They no longer deferentially kiss the hand of a priest or slouched when addressing a white man. The younger generation acquired some sterling qualities of the American people, notably frankness, broadmindedness, sparkling humor and sportsmanship. Another major contribution of America to the people is popular education. Under America, the Filipinos were gradually trained in democracy and prepared for independence. The Filipinos were eventually permitted to display their own flag, play their national anthem, celebrate their heroes day, and to enjoy such freedom of speech , press, religion, societies and petitions.

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8. Why do the Spaniards want to colonize the Philippines ?

Spain was the first European country to rise as a colonizing power in modern times . It had far-flung colonies in Africa, Latin America and Asia. To rule such extensive possessions, Spain compiled the first code of Colonial Laws “Leyes de Indias” which modern authorities on colonialism acclaim as “one of the most humane and one of the most comprehensive codes published for any colonial empire”. However, because of the distance of the Philippines from Spain and the corruption and decadence of Spanish officials and friars, these colonial laws were unevenly applied and failed to the benefit of the colonies, like the Philippines. Spaniards settled permanently in the Philippines in 1565 keynoted the three G’s – God, Gold, Glory. By and large, the first colonial aim, the propagation of Christianity .

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9. What happened after that Battle in Mactan?

The Spaniards lost face in Cebu and contiued their voyage to Moluccas with Duarte Barbosa and Juan Serrano as new commanders. Only one ship, in fact the smallest of them, “Victoria”, completed the voyage back to Spain in 1522 led this time by Sebastian del Cano. A mere 18 Europeans and four Malays survived, thus leaving the 170 of the expedition lost on the way.

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10. How did Magellan died ?

Magellan didn 't live to reach his goal - he lost his life while battling natives on an island in the Philippines. Reduced to two ships, the remainder of his crew pressed on with their mission, successfully reaching the Moluccas - the Spice Islands. Loaded with cloves, the two ships continued homeward. Along the way, the Portuguese captured one vessel reducing the original fleet of five ships to one. Finally, on September 6, 1522, almost exactly three years after its departure, the Victoria with nineteen crew aboard returned to Spain.

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References:

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/masoudi.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mactan http://goasia.about.com/od/philippines/a/hadcebu_2.htm http://www.malapascua.de/Cebu/Mactan/map_mactan.html http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/magellan.htm

References: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/masoudi.html  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mactan http://goasia.about.com/od/philippines/a/hadcebu_2.htm http://www.malapascua.de/Cebu/Mactan/map_mactan.html http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/magellan.htm

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