You cannot be deprived of your life, liberty or property without any reason on their part and without giving an explanation or right be heard on your part on why you should not be deprive of your life, liberty or property. As regards to equal protection of the laws, it means the law applies to all, we are all protected by it, but we are all subjected to it once we violate its rules. Nobody shall be convicted without going through proper due process.
Before a police officer can arrest or search a person, he must validly first secure a warrant of arrest or search warrant. Without it, any evidence that can be obtained by such shall become inadmissible evidence in court. And to get a warrant of arrest, the judge must personally issue it based on probable cause. Probable cause simply mean that "reasonable grounds to believe that a particular person has committed a crime, especially to justify making a search or preferring a charge." In short it simply means that a judge could not indiscriminately issued a warrant of arrest or a search warrant without reason.
Okay let’s go to some exemptions wherein a police officer would no longer need a warrant of arrest nor a search warrant. For warrant of arrest, a police would no longer need one if you commit the crime in his presence.
Every person has the right to keep his communication or correspondence a secret. His communication with others by phone or by letter is a personal or private matter that nobody should intrude upon. But this right can be lawfully suspended upon order of the court if the safety and security of the people is at stake.
There are four important rights embodied in this section: Freedom of speech; means an individual is free to speak or utter whatever he wants without prior restraint. Right to a Free Press; means an individual is free to write, publish, and circulate whatever he pleases without restraint. Freedom of assembly; refers mainly to a peaceful