PHI 105 Wk5 Student Ethics Chart 1

Topics: Ethics, Virtue, Virtue ethics Pages: 3 (1067 words) Published: December 5, 2014
Associate Level Material

Ethical Theory Comparison Chart

Respond to the prompt for each of the five ethical theories listed. One section on each chart has been filled in as an example.

What is good? (1–2 sentences)

Aristotle – Virtue Ethics
Mill – Utilitarianism
Kant – Deontology
Consequentialism
Noddings – Care Ethics
Aristotle believed that we as humans have natural obligations that provide happiness. Happiness consists of pleasure and the capacity to develop reasoning. For J.S. Mill, decreasing pain and increasing pleasure is good. However, not all pleasure is the same. Mill argues that intellectual pleasures are superior to bodily pleasures (Mill, Utilitarianism, Chapter 2). Rationality seperates us from others. The ability to think rational will help us in making the right choices/ The right and wrong of acts depend on the consequences that will follow. We look at a means for an end. We can find good when helping others. It makes them happy as well as we feel a satisfaction of knowing they are happy.

What path or rule do you follow to achieve the good? (1–2 sentences)

Aristotle – Virtue Ethics
Mill – Utilitarianism
Kant – Deontology
Consequentialism
Noddings – Care Ethics
For Aristotle, virtue is the way to achieve the good. Moral virtue is a state of character and can only be acquired by habit. In other words, we need to practice being morally virtuous in order to be virtuous. Aristotle describes moral virtue as a mean. We act morally, if we do the right thing, at the right time, “with reference to the right objects, towards the right people, with the right motive and in the right way” (Nicomachean Ethics, Book II, 1 and 6; see also Moore and Bruder, 2011, p. 265). The greatest good for the greatest number. According to Mill Utilitarianism evauluates the consequences, good and bad that will deternine what will bring the most of the decision that we make. I believe that when making a decision it is important to look...

Cited: Moore, B. N., & Bruder, K. (2011) Philosophy: The power of ideas. (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
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