Phenomenological Project

Topics: Interpersonal relationship, Friendship, Sociology Pages: 17 (5873 words) Published: August 24, 2013
henoA phenomenological study of individuals experience positively long term friendship Abstract
How do individuals experience positively long term friendship? The aim of this study is to show what long term friendship means to people and how important the long term friendship is. The study reports data from semi-structure interviews with two female participants, which was analysed using interpretive phenomenological psychologist method. This project examines how long term friendship is experienced and what are the individual’s expectations from long term friendship. First the analysis demonstrates the expectation of a long-term friendship this include sharing, trusting each other, honesty and communication with friends. Then it looked at the existence of friendship this includes needing a friend when feeling stressed, friend and family members, going to holiday and having different friends. Finally the analysis demonstrates benefits and negatives of having long-term friendship this include sharing and finding solutions and negative side of friends and friends can turn their back. Introduction

This project relates to close relationship it looks at how long-term friendship developed and how it feels to have long-term friendship. Close relationship considers how others expectations can take the control of the relationship therefore the social network could affect the decision of individuals (Sclater,2012). Four articles will be used in this study to see if the finding is relevant. ‘What are friends for? Student’s expectations of the friendship encounter’. This article found that students goes to their friends when having problems instead of going to university counselling and that close friends are the first choice for people when dealing with personal problems because they believe their personal expectations will be met by their friends. The participants were certain that their friends will be genuine, trustworthy and accepting characteristics.(Parham et al,1980). This article will be used to see whether participant goes to their close friends when they need any sort of help and if they trust them. ‘Allocentrism and friendship satisfaction: the mediating roles of disclosure and closeness’. This article indicates that personal attributes are important for affective, cognitive and behavioural processes friendship. It was found that the higher individuals allocentrism score is the more they disclosing to their friend and friend disclosing back to them. It found that the closer they are in relationship the more satisfied they are with their friends. (Morry,2005) This article will be used with this study to see whether the participants found their close friendship more satisfying and whether they disclose to their close friends. ‘Measuring friendship quality in late adolescents and young adults: McGill friendship questionnaire’. This article identified six functions that were found from long-term friendship which were stimulating companionship, help, intimacy, reliable alliance, self validation and emotional security. In this article participants who reported on longstanding friends tended to rate the friend more positively satisfied with the friendship and they rated their longstanding friend higher on the friendship functions. It also found that close friendship showed more self-esteem. (mendelsun et al,1999). This article will be used to see whether participant tended to rate their close friends more positively and whether the six functions from this article are mentioned by the participant. ‘A longitudinal study of friendship development’ this article found that the participants who successfully developed a close friendship showed different behavioural and attitudinal trends compared to dyads that did not. The close dyads showed attitudinal ratings of friendship intensity constantly. As a result this article found that as friendship develops the friendship bond may be less dependent on quantity behaviour and it’s more...
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