Pharmacology: Food and Drug Administration and Prescription Drug

Topics: Food and Drug Administration, Pharmacology, Clinical trial Pages: 4 (843 words) Published: October 10, 2013
MED 1150

CHAPTER 1- Questions: 1, 2,3,4,7,10,11,13,14,15,16,18



1.Describe the linguistic origin/etiology of the following words * Pharmacology: The study of drugs and the interactions with living tissue. * Origin of Pharmacology: Greek word pharmakon meaning medicine or drug

* Drug: Any nonfood chemical substance that affect the mind and body.
* Origin of Drug: Dutch word droog meaning dry for dried herbs and plants that were the 1st medicine.
* Medicine: A drug administered for preventative, diagnostic, or therapeutic agent. * Origin for Medicine: Latin word for drug is medicina meaning medicine or medication

2.How are the definitions of drug and medicine the same? How are they different * The definitions of Drug and Medicine are the same because they both mean medicine. * They are different because a street drug is a chemical substance that does not have preventative, diagnostic or therapeutic use, while medicine is used for all of the above.

3.Describe the three uses for drugs and give examples

1. Preventive use: are used to prevent the occurrence of disease or conditions the administration of preventive drugs is known as prophylaxis. Examples:
* Drugs taken prior to traveling to prevent motion sickness * Contraceptive drugs taken to prevent pregnancy
* Vaccinations given to immunize children or adults against certain diseases such as polio, diphtheria, or influenza
2. Diagnostic Use: are used by themselves or in conjunction with radiologic procedures and
other types of medical tests provide evidence of a disease process. Examples:
* Radiopaque contrast dyes used during x-ray procedures
* Drugs that mimic the cardiac effect of exercise in patients who cannot undergo regular cardiac exercise stress testing.
3. Therapeutic use: The...
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