Philosophy 251- 503
February 14, 2014
Phaedo: Soul & Body
As one may see throughout their life, people have different points of view. Plato and I share the same views on the Argument from Affinity up until a certain point. I believe that while you are alive, even before you are alive, your soul is a part of you and that that soul will be only yours, and once your life ends here on Earth, your soul goes to Heaven, Hell, or Purgatory, meaning that I do believe the soul is both imperishable and immortal. While those are my beliefs and the first one I will explore, I will still explore other beliefs throughout my paper, as well. The second view I will explore is Socrates’ view; he says that the soul is immortal and imperishable, while the body is mortal and perishable. He says that the soul will long to return to the flesh, meaning that it will find another body to inhabit when the body that it was previously residing in is gone, and that this cycle continues on for a good while, because he believes that you can’t achieve your full greatness from just one life/body. The third and final view I will explore is Cebes’ view; he says that the soul and body are separate, and that the soul is immortal and imperishable, while the body is not, but that they don’t go to a higher place. He believes that they both eventually dissipate once we perish, until they are both no longer existent.
Throughout my life, I’ve been raised Catholic. I’ve gone to church almost every Sunday since I was little, I’ve been taught certain things my whole life, and therefore, firmly believe these things. It is what I know and where I am comfortable, making it difficult (more times than not) to step out of my comfort zone and explore different beliefs. However, I hope to conquer that downfall of mine throughout this paper. One of the things I’ve been taught and firmly believe, for example, is that when we die, our souls go to Heaven, Hell, or Purgatory. I believe that our souls and our bodies are separate from one another; our souls immortal and imperishable, while our bodies are mortal and perishable. Our souls are “awake”, so to speak, throughout our time here on Earth, and are shown through our morals, actions, and the choices that we make, both good and bad. I believe those things are what leads our souls to Heaven, Hell, or Purgatory, once our bodies perish. Growing up this way, the Bible was and is my rock and what I rely on to show me how to live my life. On this topic, one specific scripture passage comes to mind from John 5:28-29 that states, “Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.” This scripture is basically saying that those who live their lives how God says to, both morally right and for His glory, that those souls will be resurrected to Heaven to reside with God and the Angels, in purity and bliss, until the end of time. It also says the latter: that those who live their lives morally wrong and not for His glory, that their souls will go down to Hell, with the rest of those souls who lived in the same way. It doesn’t mention anything about Purgatory, but I’ll share my thoughts with you here. To me, purgatory is a middle place, where souls go before they reach Heaven or Hell. Every soul goes through it, and if that person lived morally right, then their soul ascends into Heaven, and if they lived morally wrong, then their souls descend into Hell.
Now, while the previous paragraph was strictly my point of view, I can still see how someone could be skeptical about such views. How are there such places for our souls to exist after we perish? Why do they need to go somewhere else? What is the point? If our bodies are dead, why does it matter if our souls are still alive or not? You may be...
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