Petroleum

Better Essays
Topics: Petroleum
Petroleum is an oily, thick flammable liquid, a mixture of various solid, liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons are molecules that comprise of Hydrogen and Carbon. Petroleum is the general term for "unprocessed" crude oil. It is present beneath the Earth's surface (Lithosphere) and forms when trapped, decomposed dead organisms buried in the sedimentary rock, and are heated under the immense pressure of new sedimentary layers over time (fossil fuel). The heat and pressure distilled the organic material into crude oil and natural gas.

Separation Processes

In order for Petroleum to be extracted for it's functional consumer products, it must first be drilled. Once a site has been selected and the legal issues have been settled. A crew will go about to prepare the land. If the oil is located in shallow water, the rig will be built on ships or barges.

Oil Drilling Preparation
1. The land must be cleared and levelled, roads may be built to optimise access.
2. Drilling is very water intensive, so there must be a source of water nearby.
3. A reserve pit must be dug, to dispose of the rock cuttings and mud.

After the oil has been recovered, It will be taken to an petroleum refinery to finalise the separation processes remaining. A petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant, they are typically large in size, employing hundreds of workers, with extensive piping running throughout and operate 24/7.

In chemistry, a separation process transforms a mixture of substances into two or more distinct products. The oil refining process begins with treating the fractions into mixtures by various methods such as reforming, cracking, alkylation, isomerisation and polymerisation. These new substances are then separated using fractional distillation or solvent extraction. Fractional distillation of petroleum is the process of separating the oil into different materials. Separation by

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Petroleum

    • 542 Words
    • 3 Pages

    specialized in petroleum engineering. Therefore I submit my application for the position of MSc Degree in Petroleum Geoscience for Reservoir Development and Production, University of Manchester. I am confident that I have the technical qualifications to meet the course requirements as I strongly believe by completing this course will serve my goal of a career in Oil and Gas industry or involved in research oriented organization. I have completed a four years Degree of engineering in Petroleum at UTM and…

    • 542 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Petroleum

    • 418 Words
    • 1 Page

    Petroleum is formed by the remains of fossilized plants and animals that became buried in the ocean under silt and sand. It takes millions of years for its formation. We are depleting it at a rapid pace and that is why it is considered a non-renewable resource. There are over 4,000 oil fields around the world. One of the biggest oil fields is Ghawar, in Saudi Arabia. They produce about 4.5 million barrels of oil per day. There are three stages of oil extraction; Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary…

    • 418 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Petroleum

    • 793 Words
    • 4 Pages

    ------------------------------------------------- HOW TO WRITE AN ARTICLE REVIEW Article review is written to provide the reader with an overview of the selected literature and usually require a critique of the material. A novice in the area should be able to read your review and have a good understanding of what the reading is about and where it stands in relation to other literature in the field or subject area. General background You must always carefully read the assessment instructions…

    • 793 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    petroleum engineering

    • 1111 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Gouanet 1 Cedric Gouanet Professor Dingee English 1301 February 23, 2014 Petroleum Engineering Petroleum engineering is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of crude oil or natural gas. Crude oil is a truly nontoxic, natural, and biodegradable product. It is the most important natural resource of the industrialized nations. It can generate heat, drive machinery and fuel vehicles and airplanes. Its components are used to manufacture almost all chemical…

    • 1111 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Petroleum Exploration

    • 306 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Petroleum Exploration and Production consists of four major processes of exploration, well-development, production and site abandonment. In this assignment, we had chosen the major process of exploration and production. Petroleum Exploration is conducted to find and detect the site which contains oil or natural gas. Visible surface features such as oil seeps, natural gas seeps, pockmarks provide basic evidence of hydrocarbon generation. However, most exploration depends on highly sophisticated…

    • 306 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Petroleum Technology

    • 1987 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Introduction to Petroleum Technology By: NUR KHASILAH BT ABDORAHMAN 2012228568 930223-13-5588 CHAPTER 1 REVIEW – How The Earth Was Formed So, let we start with the origin of universe. it has been stated in The Big Bang theory. Over 13.5 billions years ago, a gigantic explosion produce energy and fundamental particle that created the universe. This mean that all the things that we see today such as rock, animal, plant, water was created during that time. First, quark is formed which is proton…

    • 1987 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Petroleum Products

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages

    PCRA aims at making oil conservation a national movement. As part of its mandate, PCRA is entrusted with the task of creating awareness amongst the masses about the importance, methods and benefits of conserving petroleum products & emission reduction. To take the message to the people, PCRA uses all possible and effective media for mass communication. These include electronic and press media e.g. TV, Radio, Electronic displays; Press at the National and State level printed literature for specific…

    • 1112 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Uses of Petroleum

    • 1675 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Petroleum products are used widely in our everyday lives. They are used to power automobiles produce containers and to keep us warm. Petroleum, or crude oil is liquid composed of various organic chemicals. It is found in large quantities below the surface of Earth and is used as a fuel and as a raw material in the chemical industry. The word petroleum comes from the two Latin words "petro" and "leum" "petro" meaning rock and "leum" meaning oil. The chemical composition of all petroleum is principally…

    • 1675 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Petroleum Engineering

    • 2870 Words
    • 12 Pages

    Graduation Project 10 December 2012 Petroleum Engineering: The Impact on Today’s Society The United States’ dependency for foreign oil is at its all-time high with the demand for oil continuing to grow. Americans depend on oil for transportation, heating, and power. Within the last five to ten years, the growing desire for more efficient ways of fueling has skyrocketed. Petroleum engineering has sparked a revolution throughout the nation. It has made a strong influence on the whole nation but…

    • 2870 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    MW PETROLEUM

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages

    TITLE: MW Petroleum Corporation: A Valuation Approach on Real Assets ABSTRACTOR SUMMARY Valuation is the estimation of an asset’s value, whether real or financial, based on variables perceived to be related to future investment returns, on comparison with similar assets, or, when relevant, on estimates of immediate liquidation proceeds (Pinto, Henry, Robinson, Stowe; 2010). Correct valuation of real assets can present challenges to financial analysts. Different models can be used to arrive at…

    • 1307 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays