Determining Systems Requirements
Although the customer loyalty project at Petrie’s Electronics had gone slowly at first, the past few weeks had been fast paced and busy, Jim Watanabe, the project manager, thought to himself. He had spent much of his time planning and conducting interviews with key stakeholders inside the company. He had also worked with the marketing group to put together some focus groups made up of loyal customers, to get some ideas about what they would value in a customer loyalty program. Jim had also spent some time studying customer loyalty programs at other big retail chains and those in other industries as well, such as the airlines, known for their extensive customer loyalty programs. As project manager, he had also supervised the efforts of his team members. Together, they had collected a great deal of data. Jim had just finished creating a high-level summary of the information into a table he could send to his team members (PE Table 5-1). PE TABLE 5-1: Requirements and Constraints for Petrie’s Customer Loyalty Project Requirements
Effective customer incentives—System should be able to effectively store customer activity and convert to rewards and other incentives •
Easy for customers to use—Interface should be intuitive for customer use •
Proven performance—System as proposed should have been used successfully by other clients •
Easy to implement—Implementation should not require outside consultants or extraordinary skills on the part of our staff or require specialized hardware •
Scalable—System should be easily expandable as the number of participating customers grows •
Vendor support—Vendor should have proven track record of reliable support and infrastructure in place to provide it Constraints
Cost to buy—Licenses for one year should be under $500,000 •
Cost to operate—Total operating costs should be no more than $1 million per year •
Time to implement—Duration of implementation should not exceed three months •
Staff to implement—Implementation should be successful with the staff we have and with the skills they already possess From the list of requirements, it was clear that he and his team did not favor building a system from scratch in-house. Jim was glad that the team felt that way. Not only was building a system like this in-house an antiquated practice, it was expensive and time consuming. As nice as it might have been to develop a unique system just for Petrie’s, there was little point in reinventing the wheel. The IT staff would customize the system interface, and there would be lots of work for Sanjay’s staff in integrating the new system and its related components with Petrie’s existing systems, but the core of the system would have already been developed by someone else. PE TABLE 5-2:
Alternatives for Petrie’s Customer Loyalty Project Alternative A
Data warehousing-centered system designed and licensed by Standard Basic Systems, Inc. (SBSI). The data warehousing tools at the heart of the system were designed and developed by SBSI, and work with standard relational DBMSs and relational/OO hybrid DBMSs. The SBSI tools and approach have been used for many years and are well known in the industry, but SBSI- certified staff are essential for implementation, operation, and maintenance. The license is relatively expensive. The customer loyalty application using the SBSI data warehousing tools is an established application, used by many retail businesses in other industries.
Customer relationship management (CRM)-centered system designed and licensed by XRA Corporation. XRA is a pioneer in CRM systems, so its CRM is widely recognized as an industry leader. The system includes tools that support customer loyalty programs. The CRM system itself is large and complex, but pricing in this proposal is based only on modules used for the customer loyalty application.
Proprietary system designed and licensed by Nova...
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