PETRARCHAN SONNET IN SIDNEY AND SPENSER
Petrarch’s Canzoniere is a collection of 366 lyrical poems with different forms and themes. It can be considered as the lyrical expression of the inner tormented status of the poet. The main theme of the work is the love for Laura. Petrarch express through the mean of the poetry his personal struggle created by two different tendencies: the passionate and material love and the spiritual virtue which leads to God. Most of the lyrics are sonnets written in the typical pattern of the italian model: two quartains and two tercets with this rhyme scheme: ABBA, ABBA in the quartains and CDE, CDE in the tercets. Petrarch’s sonnets became a source of inspiration for english poets. Sir Philip Sidney and Edmund Spenser inherited some of the traditional elements of Petrarch’s sonnets such as some themes, the narrative aspect and the set form of the italian sonnet.
SIR PHILIP SIDNEY, Astrophel and Stella
Francesco Petrarca Canzoniere 248
Chi vuol veder quantunque pò Natura e ’l Ciel tra noi,venga a mirar costei, ch'è sola un sol, non pur a li occhi mei, ma al mondo cieco, che vertù non cura; et venga tosto, perché Morte fura prima i migliori, et lascia star i rei: questa aspettata al regno delli dèi cosa bella mortal passa, et non dura. Vedrà, s’arriva a tempo, ogni vertute, ogni bellezza, ogni real costume giunti in un corpo con mirabil’ tempre: allor dirà che mie rime son mute, l'ingegno offeso da soverchio lume; ma se piú tarda, avrà da pianger sempre.
Sir Philip Sidney Astrophel and Stella 71
Who will in fairest booke of Nature know How Vertue may best lodg’d in Beautie be, Let him but learne of Love to reade in thee, Stella, those faire lines which true goodnesse show. There shall he find all vices’ overthrow, Not by rude force, but sweetest soveraigntie Of reason, from whose light those night-birds flie, That inward sunne in thine eyes shineth so. And, not content to be Perfection’s heire Thy selfe, doest strive all...
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