Personality Theory Analysis
PSY / 405
July 13, 2015
Personality Theory Analysis
Personality is what defines and makes an individual different from those around them. Personalities may vary from situation to situation, behaviors depend on the environment, and also what one finds acceptable socially in those specific situation. Many theorists would agree that personalities can be predictable, while other may think otherwise. However, one thing everyone seems to agree on is that personality is unique to the individual and is what makes each person interesting. The role of personality in affecting situational behavior
Personalities is what characterizes an individual and it is visible through their behavior and their characteristic which is influenced by their environment. Humanistic theorists define personality based on the present rather than the past. Dispositional theorists are more focus on the personality traits of an individual, on what makes them unique. Carl Rogers and Gordon Allport are some recognized theorist that have studied these two approaches. Rogers approach was focused on healthy development, meaning how the person viewed themselves, where in the other hand Allport focused more on the characteristics of traits. When the environment produces a response that is somewhat typical that response may become unpredictable. For instance, an individual who is known as a passive and calm personality will more likely react to typical situations in a calm and passive way. In addition, if the same individual was faced with a traumatic situation on which he/she was exposed to a violent scene, certain parts of his/her personality will at some point appear angry or even violent which would be different form his/her normal personality. Furthermore, behaviors that express an individual’s personality may be also studied in social psychology as those behaviors are also consequences to social norms of what is acceptable and what is not. According to some studies conducted at Yale University, passive personalities may act completely opposite and engage in violence if the influence of social powerful authority was present (Blass, n.d.). The study conducted by Stanly Milgram involved random individuals who gave shocks to other individual based on answering wrong questions (Blass, n.d.). Also, the study showed that any individual despite their personality would respond to violent actions when exposed to negative social pressure. In addition, personalities may predict what might happen to some extent. Most behaviors are influenced by environmental factors, as well as traumatic events that take place in the individual’s life. When studying personalities it is important to also analyze characteristics and traits, which will provide an insight on how the individual behavior interacts with his/her environment. The personality characteristics attributed to each theory in your approach The humanistic approach focuses on the living present of the individual’s life, which are an important aspect (Allpsych online, n.d.). Humanistic theories concentrate in the present rather than the past or future. Also, decisions that individuals take reflect on their actions, and whether these actions are positive or negative there is a sense of responsibility for them (Allpsych online, n.d.). According to Carl Rogers a theorists who studied and concentrated on humanistic approach along with Maslow, every individual is different, but every single person is valuable to the environment where they live. Each individual has a purpose in life and their everyday goal is to grow and reach their fullest potential. Dispositional approach concentrates in traits of personality, traits are defined as to what makes an individual unique, traits of personality should most of the time be consistent with the actions presented (Feist & Feist, 2009). Theories of traits do not concentrate in the...
References: Allpsych online. (n.d.). Personality synopsis. Retrieved from http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/humanistic.html
Blass, T. (n.d.). Milgram basics. Retrieved from http://stanleymilgram.com/milgram.phpBoeree, G. (1998). Gordon Allport. Retrieved from http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/allport.html
Feist, G.J. (2013). Theories of personality (8th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.
McLeod, S. (2007). Carl Rogers. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/carl-rogers.html
Pescitelli, D. (1996). An analysis of Carl Rogers’ theory of personality. Retrieved from http://www.wynja.com/personality/rogersff.html
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