The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, second edition (MMPI - 2) is one of the few personality tests administered used across the US. This assessment was originally designed in 1939, but was not published until 1942 by the University of Minnesota Hospitals (Butcher, 1996). The main purpose of the assessment was to aide in the acknowledgment of behavioral social problems among psychiatric patients. In other words, the initial authors of the test used the results to compile diagnoses specifically for their mentally disturbed patients.
When it comes to determining use of the MMPI-2 or the MMPI-A for an 18year old, it is suggested to counselors to determine the individual’s current life situation (i.e. living independently) and recognizing that using the MMPI-2 norms can result in higher T scores for the standard scales when compared to the MMPI-A (Butcher and Williams, 2000).
The world of psychology has evolved the application of the MMPI-2 to informal and public places. An assessment that began as a tool for diagnosing psychiatric patients is now used for employment purposes where applying it’s results to finding areas of similarities or strengths is opposite to its developed purpose and does not fall within its parameters of use or standardization. Similarly, its implementation for job screening has stirred some scrutiny because of issues involving protecting the privacy of the individuals who take the assessment. The MMPI – 2 contains questions concerning many sensitive or private topics (such as religion). Psychologists strongly worry that if used inappropriately this information invades privacy.
Although the MMPI originated in 1942, this assessment did not experience restandardization until 1982. Once a staff was compiled, the revision of such assessment was not made possible for another seven years. Butcher & Williams (2000) discuss the issue at hand by identifying concerns with the test-retest data. Both contest that the population used...
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