Personality Overview

Topics: Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Alfred Adler Pages: 4 (1155 words) Published: December 6, 2013


Personality Overview

PSY 405
November 25, 2013

Personality Overview
Two theories of personality covered in the readings is explored, contrasted, and compared. Alder’s Individual Psychology and Jung’s Analytical Psychology is the chosen two for this personality overview. In addition to comparison, contrasting, and exploring the two theories, this overview will cover determinism verses free will and awareness of self. Jung’s theory, according Feist and Fiest (2009), “People are both introverted and extraverted; rational and irrational; male and female; conscious and unconscious; and pushed by past events while being pulled by future expectations” (p. 98). The Comparison

Carl Jung created the theory of personality Analytical Psychology. Analytical Psychology assumption of occult phenomena can influence people’s lives. According to Fiest and Fiest (2009), “Jung believed that each person is motivated not only by repressed experiences, but also by emotionally toned experiences inherited from our ancestors” (p. 98). Alfred Adler created Individual Psychology to give an open minded view of individuals while driven by social influences. Adler’s theory was people who works hard for success works selflessly and gain best psychological health. In comparison both men’s work was influenced by the same theorist, Freud. “Adlerian psychology views the individual as primarily a social rather than a sexual being and places more emphasis on choices and values than Freudian psychology” (Strictland, 2001, pp. 10-11). Both men believed dreams was important in figuring out another person’s psyche. Adler stated, according to Fiest and Fiest (2009), “Dreams are disguised to deceive the dreamer, making self-interpretation difficult. The more an individual’s goal is inconsistent with reality, the more likely that person’s dreams will be used for self-deception” (p. 89). In contrast Jung believed in...
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