Case Study 18
Maslov’s hierarchy of the five innate needs describe the factors that activate and direct human behavior. They are the physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization needs. According to Maslov, these needs are instinctoid, or hereditary, but can be affected or overcome by learning, social expectations, and fear of disapproval. Therefore, these needs are subject to variation from one person to another (Schultz & Schultz, 2012).
1) Before Frank was laid off, all five of Maslov’s needs were met. His physiological needs were satisfied because, although he disliked the third shift, Frank and his wife were able to afford a small house, put food on the table, and provide their children with decent clothes (p. 65, para. 2). Due to the fact that their fathers, and some grandfathers, of Frank’s co-workers had also worked, and retired, from the very same factory, Frank’s need of safety was content because he believed that his job and his employment were secure (p. 65, para. 3). Frank’s needs of esteem and self-actualization were fulfilled by his creativity and pride of the “intricate designs [that] he made on the backs of the chairs he produced” (p. 66, para. 1). By having these two needs met, Frank’s “skill earned him the respect of his coworkers,” which met Frank’s fifth need of feeling love and a sense of belonging (p.66, para. 1).
2) Before Frank was laid off, all of his five needs, proposed by Maslov, were met. However, working at the factory did not fully satisfy Frank’s physiological need because “he is tired all the time” and “the house, clothes, and food are not fancy but always adequate” (p. 65, para. 2). Frank feels that, although his physiological needs are being filled, they do not meet his expectations. “Sometimes he thinks that if he could just get enough sleep, he would be a truly happy man” (p.65, para. 1). Frank’s sleep deprivation is made up for by catching up on sleep during the weekends and earning more money working the third shift rather than less money working the first or second shift (p.65, para. 1). Frank sacrifices his true happiness to better support himself and his family. 3)
After Frank was laid off, it would seem that many of his needs were no longer met. However, his physiological needs of breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, etc. were met by depending on his wife’s income and, although temporary, his unemployment compensation because “he and his wife have been able to make ends meet temporarily” (p. 66, para. 1). His safety needs of feeling secure of body, resources, family, and health were also met due to his wife’s contribution. Frank also met the needs of feeling loved by his wife being “incredibly supportive,” “constantly trying to boost his self-esteem,” and “never complaining about the things they have to give up” (p. 66, para. 2). 4)
Although a few of his needs were met after he was laid off, Frank felt “useless and incompetent” (p.66, para. 2). Franks’ need of safety, or security of employment, was not satisfied because “he has not been able to find any other work, and he is embarrassed by the prospect of not being able to support his family” (p. 66, para. 1). Frank’s need of self-actualization is also unfulfilled because “two months after the closing, Frank is not proud of very much” (p. 66, para. 1). After being laid off, Frank’s esteem need is no longer being met because “depending on his wife’s income has been especially hard on Frank” as “he believes that he should be the breadwinner” (p.66, para. 2). Frank loves his family and would give anything, even his sleep and ultimately his true happiness, to fulfill these unsatisfied needs by getting his job back.
Case Study 19
In his person-centered theory, Rogers dives into the explanation behind what factors drive self-actualization, or the basic human motivation to actualize, maintain, and enhance the self, which encompasses all physiological and...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document