Assignment 1 – Personality theories
Lior Tal - 302699335
* ID – The first of three structures that compose the human personality, it includes drives an individual is born with. The ID drives the individual to immediately satisfy his needs with no regard to social limitations and boundaries. The Ego evolves only at around age one, until then babies are totally consumed by the ID; a good example of this is why babies need diapers. Babies don’t know any better, they don’t know society “frowns upon” toileting in public so they just do, anywhere anytime. * Reality principle – Continuing the example above, at around 18 - 24 months a child is potty-trained and he then has to start waiting until he reaches the bathroom or his potty before “releasing”. To the child this is the first demand society “throws” at him – consider others and society’s rules. As a result the Ego develops with a purpose to satisfy one’s needs with regard to his surroundings. The Ego follows the reality principle; it considers society’s rules and follows them, in this example it would be to defecate in the right place at the right time. * Thanatos and Eros – One of the ground assumptions leading Freud’s theory is that human behavior is “fueled” by his drives. An individual is born with two types of drives (Instincts): the life instinct (Eros) and the death instinct (Thanatos). The Eros includes constructive and promoting drives, the primary drive in this category is the sex drive that not only drives the individual to sexual activities but also to use the sexual energy one possesses (the libido) to other aspects of life. In comparison, the Thanatos drives the individual to destructive behavior; the primary drive in this category is the aggression drive that pushes the individual to verbal and physical violence towards his surroundings and even himself. An example for Eros behavior would be taking one’s “libido” and invest it all into a talent or a gift one possesses, for...
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