A personal crime is a crime that is committed against a person, which affects the victim in a personal way. There are various types of personal crimes which affect an individual, but I will be covering homicide, assault, battery, mayhem, rape and statutory rape. Homicide is defined as a person who kills another person or the killing of one human being by another. First degree murder means the criminal act had been premeditated and intentional. First degree murder is usually punishable by death or life imprisonment. Second degree murders are committed during the perpetration or attempted perpetration of an enumerated felony, such as arson, rape, robbery, or burglary. The difference between first and second degree is second degree murders is not premeditated. For example, they happen when a mugger “sticks up” an individual and in the process ends up killing the victim. Some states have third degree murder as well, which includes all other types of murders. (Criminal Law, Fourth Edition).
Assault is a personal crime that usually involves contact, or a confrontation between people. An assault involves an intentional, unlawful threat or "offer" to cause bodily injury to another by force; under circumstances which create in the other person a well-founded fear of imminent peril; where there exists the apparent present ability to carry out the act if not prevented. An assault can occur even without physical contact. A battery is the willful or intentional touching of a person against that person’s will by another person, or by an object or substance put in motion by that other person. Offensive touching can also be considered battery. Mayhem is an offense against the person in which the offender violently deprives his victim of a member of his body, thus making him less able to defend himself. The disabling of an arm, hand, finger, leg, foot, or eye are examples of mayhem. In a number of jurisdictions, mere disfigurement or maiming is considered mayhem. To be...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document