Personal Background of Jose Rizal

Topics: Philippines, José Rizal, Manila Pages: 7 (2424 words) Published: December 11, 2014
This module is about the biography of Jose Rizal. The discussion focuses on the family background of Jose Rizal and his life and experiences as a young boy and as a student. The personal background of Jose Rizal reflects the social, educational and cultural milieu of his time. In order to humanize him, it is significant to have a glimpse of his life and experiences at home and at school which had shaped his development as person as well as his ideals and principles in life. LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of the module/lesson the student must be able to: Understand the life and background of Jose Rizal
Describe the family of Jose Rizal
Describe the childhood of Rizal
Explain Jose Rizal‟s intellectual development
Relate Jose Rizal‟s family and childhood experiences to the present social issues and problems Analyze how the economic and socio-political milieu influenced/affected Jose Rizal and his family Compare and contrast the educational system during Rizal‟s time to the present

I. Personal Background of Jose Rizal
Full name: Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Protacio is a patron saint of children and is a martyr. Born in June 19, 1961 in Calamba, Laguna
Father: Francisco Mercado, a descendant of Domingo Lamco, a Chinese from Amoy, China and was baptized or Christianized in Manila. He became a farmer and a tenant in the hacienda owned by Dominican friars in Calamba, Laguna. Mother: Teodora Alonso y Quintus, from a family whose members were lawyers, priests, government officials and merchants. The surname Rizal was adopted by the Mercado family 1850 to abide by the royal decree that sought to remedy the confusion resulting from many unrelated Filipinos having the same and a still greater number having no last names at all. „Rizal‟ was not taken from the government lists but appears to have been selectedbecause of its appropriateness to the family‟s source of living. Various meaning of Rizal: (1) shortened form of the Spanish word for "second crop"; (2) green fields or green fields ready for harvesting The Rizal family was a large one. Jose was the seventh of the eleven children and the younger of two boys. See Illustration 1 for the family tree of Jose Rizal. Among the Rizal children, Jose‟s birth was the hardest for he has an irregularly large head. As a child Jose was not physically strong andwas sickly. His big head was not proportionate to his frail body.Conscious of his physical features, Jose became interested in the stories of power especially the stories of great and strong men and giants. Jose‟s childhood diaries reflected that at young age he already acquired curiosity and interest in nature particularly in botany and zoology. This was shaped by the geographic features of his surroundings. (See Illustration 2)There‟s a scenic view of Mt. Makiling from their house, the Laguna de Bay is located at the end part of Calamba (where Rizal used to go and wander) and there were different kinds of fruit- bearing trees at the back of their house. It is believed that Jose‟s interest in folklores was also influenced by his surroundings and his „aya‟ or nanny who told Jose stories about folk myths and legends. Most of the time Jose was quiet and a thinker, and liked to spectate. Jose liked drawing and was always creating things like statues made from wax and clay. He usually surprised the people around him through his pencil drawing and sketches and figures molded by clay or wax. (See Illustration 3 for some of Jose Rizal‟s sketches) II. Intellectual development

Young boy in Calamba
At a young age, Jose showed his eagerness to learn how to read and write. He was taught by his family members. His mother taught him how to read, write and do basic arithmetic. His brother Paciano guided him and taught him patriotism. His eagerness to learn was furthered by the „huge‟ collection of books by his father in their library. One of the books...
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