Personality Disorders in the Workplace
People with personality disorders characteristic tend to have chronic inflexible styles of perceiving themselves, and interacting with others varies. (Ward, 2004)
Personality disorders are typically some of the most challenging mental disorders to treat, because they are part of an individual and their self-perception. Treatment according to Ward, (2004), most often focuses on increasing coping skills, and interpersonal relationship skills.
This paper will discuss a few of these disorders, such as Antisocial Personality, Borderline Personality disorders, and Insomnia.
I will attempt to describe the various disorders and how they affect employer/employees in the workplace. We will look at the symptom logy observed by co-workers and/or supervisors for those with the different disorders.
I will provide similarities and difference in how supervisors or co-workers would intervene with people with these disorders.
The end result will be to provide appropriate organizational intervention strategies for those living with these disorders. Antisocial Personality Disorders (APD)
According to (Babiak, and Hare. 2006). Personality disorder behavior, is like a disease, is antiquity, and nothing about it changes.
Antisocial personality disorder (APD) is one of the disorders describe in the Psychopath in the Workplace: A Cautionary Tale, written by Paul Babiak and Robert D. Hare. The authors describe how a common misconception is that antisocial disorder refers to people who have poor social skills.
On the contrary, the opposite is often the case, instead, APD is characterized by a lack of conscience people with this disorder are prone to criminal behavior, believing that their victims are weak and deserving of being taken advantage of. (Babiak, and Hare, 2006)
Antisocial tend to lie and steal according to the authors. Often, they are careless with money and take action without thinking about consequences. They can sometimes become aggressive and are much more concerned with their own needs then the needs of others.
“They may appear to be superior.” Candidates for business leadership position and many of them rise to the positions of power and influence in business community.” (p.2) The authors express how a socially facile psychopath may expertly deceive the average person.
“Snakes in suits” is the term the authors used to describe an antisocial person. (p.2) They give descriptive lucid, richly detailed guide for corporate business professionals who are interested in understanding how important and often unrecognized behavior syndrome is acted out in the workplace. They believe this knowledge and information they give in their book Snakes in Suits: When Psychopaths Go To Work is essential if “socially responsible and ethical individuals are to protect themselves and their organization against ruthless, fraudulent, manipulative behavior.” (P.2.)
It’s imperative that leaders and employees become aware and knowledgeable of this behavior if they are to protect themselves and their resources from exploitation. (Babiak, and Hare, 2006) These individual may appear impressive, because of their motivated ambitiousness, social charm, and self-confidence, yet closer observation of their behavior and inspection of their motives reveals that they posses qualities of ruthless exploitations deceitfulness, pathological lying, and a wiliness to use antisocial and even criminal behavior to achieve their goals. (Babiak, and Hare, 2006)
According to Babiak, &Hare (2006) the symptoms that antisocial personality disorder display, and should be observed by leaders, and employees are as followed: ·
Disregard for the feelings of others
Impulsive and irresponsible decision-making
Lack of remorse for harm done to others
Lying, stealing, other criminal behavior
Disregard for the safety of self and others
Borderline Personality Disorders...
References: 1) Durand V.M, & Barlow D.H., (2010) Essential of Abnormal Psychology , Belmont, CA, Wadsworth, Census Learning
2) Hare, R. D, & Newman, C.S. (2006) , Handbook of Pschopathy , New York Gulford Press
3) Illinois Institute for Addiction Recovery, (2005-2009), Proctor Hospital
4) Thomas, J., & Hensen, M. (2002), Handbook of Mental Health in the Workplace. Thousand Oak, CA: Sage Publication.
5) Ward, K.R. (2004), American Family Physicians, Leawood.
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