Person Centred Counselling Theory and Practice

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DIPLOMA IN COUNSELLING
Person Centred Counselling Theory and Practice
3,000 Word Assignment
Person Centred Theory and Practice Assumes: It is Necessary that Two
People are in Psychological Contact.
This assignment introduces some of the Rogerian fundamental principles of person-centred personality theory, thus forming backdrop for the consideration of the three core-conditions required for successful therapeutic alliance. The main thrust of the assignment looks at the first of the six preconditions for personality change, i.e. ‘two persons are in psychological contact’. A number of observations are provided that were demonstrated in a recent seminar presentation that can guide the counsellor towards some recognition of the client’s needs with particular regard to signs and symptoms and tasks required to establish a requirement and facilitate an appropriate pre-therapy stage of the relationship. The seminar showed how a client with physical brain damage was assisted by his counsellor and the technique can be applied with equal effectiveness to those with learning difficulties and those suffering psychopathology, e.g. schizophrenia. The assignment introduces demographics that suggest a strong likelihood of encountering schizophrenic clients, and this is supported with some common manifestations of the illness.
Historically therapists have shunned the treatment of certain mental debilitations and it is important therefore that this assignment acknowledges some of the ground-breaking person-centred work carried out since the
1960’s. Thereafter follows some specific references to the method of pretherapy demonstrated in our seminar presentation, which has been specifically fashioned for the person-centred counsellor. This methodology employs a number of client reflection stages and brings the client into contact with their surroundings. This work culminates in a composite of therapeutic functioning upon which the counsellor can begin to build



References: Bion, W. (1957). Differentiation of the psychotic from the non-psychotic personalities Carver,C. S. & Scheier, M. F.(1996). Perspectives on Personality: Third Edition Hough, M. (1994). A practical Approach to Counselling. Harlow: Longman Press. Frude, N. (1998). Understanding Abnormal Psychology. Oxford: Blackwell. Leff, J. (1992). Schizophrenia and similar conditions. International Journal of Mental Health, 21(2), 25-40. Maslow, A. H. (1970). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row. McLeod, J. (1998) An introduction to Counselling. Buckingham: Open University Press. Mearns, D. (1994). Developing Person Centred Counselling. London: Sage. Nelson, H. (1997). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy with Schizophrenics: A Therapy Practice Manual Palmer, S. & McMahon, G. (1997). Client assessment. London: Sage. Prouty, G. F. (1976). Pre-therapy, a method of treating pre-expressive psychotic and retarded patients, Psychotherapy: Theory, research and Prouty, G. F. (1990). A theoretical evolution in the person centred/experiential psychotherapy of schizophrenia and retardation, in G Rogers, C. R. (1957). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change Rogers, C. R. (1959). A theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships as developed in the person centred framework Rogers, C. R., Gendlin, E. T., Kiesler, D. J. and Traux, C.B. (Eds). (1967). (1998). An introduction to Counselling. Buckingham: Open University Press. Rosenfeld, H. (1947). Analysis of a schizophrenic state with depersonalisation, in H.Rosenfeld (1965) Segal, H. (1981). The Work of Hannah Segal. New York: Jason Aronson. Smith, A.C. (1982). Schizophrenia and Madness. London: George Allen & Unwin. Tsuang, M.T. and Faraone, S.V. (1997). Schizophrenia: The Facts. (Second Edition) Dryden, W. & Spurling, L. (1989). On Becoming a Psychotherapist. London: Routledge. Mearns, D. & Thorne, B. (1999). Person-Centred Counselling in Action. Merry, T. (1999). Learning and Being in Person-Centred Counselling. Rosson- Wye: PCCS Books. Vaz, G. (2001). Dyslexia: An appropriate Time to Assess. Sourced from the web

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