Person and Individuals

Topics: Person, Individual, Risk assessment Pages: 5 (1630 words) Published: July 7, 2013
Unit 4222-232 Move and position individuals in accordance with their plan of care (HSC 202 Outcome 1 Understand anatomy and physiology in relation to moving and positioning individuals The learner can:

1. Outline the anatomy and physiology of the human body in relation to the importance of correct moving and positioning of individuals Muscles work like levers and allow the bones at a joint to work like hinges. Muscles pull and move the bones at particular joints, this makes the joint move and therefore the body moves. When a muscle contracts the bones pull at the joint in the direction that it is to move. 2. Describe the impact of specific conditions on the correct movement and positioning of an Individual.

There are a number of conditions that can have an impact on the correct movement and positioning of a person, for example: arthritis, people that suffer with arthritis will often have stiff joins and find it hard to do a lot of movements. Amputation, the loss of a limb for example a leg can affect the way a person moves about, they may need an artificial leg fitted but the benefits depend on were the leg was amputated.

Outcome 2 Understand legislation and agreed ways of working when Moving and positioning individuals
The learner can:
1. Describe how legislation and agreed ways of working affect working practices related to moving and positioning individuals.

Manual handling is supporting the weight of someone or moving them yourself, if you do not do this in the correct way it could result in an injury to you, the people you are working with or the people you support, the (HSE) state that 50% or all accidents reported each year are from assisting people with mobility. The regulations that are set impose duties on employers, self-employed and employees; they state that employers must avoid all hazardous manual handling activities where it is practical to do so. Employees must follow the work system set by the employer to promote safety during the task.

2. Describe what health and safety factors need to be taken into account when moving and positioning individuals and any equipment used to do this.

There are a number of factors that must be taken in to account when moving someone, The activity,
The environment,
The person being moved,
Yourself and others around you and the equipment you are using. When you think about the activity you must think about, what it is, do you have to travel, how far, who can help you and how long will it take.

When looking at the environment you must consider and obstacles that may be in your way, if the floors are level and dry, and if there is enough space.

Considering the people you are supporting, can they do anything for themselves, if they can then how much, what support they will require, how you can promote their independence, does the person you are supporting have any medical devices attached to their body and their weight and height.

You and others helping you are you all trained in the correct way, what is your state of health at the time, is your clothing suitable and does your footwear fit without slipping off.

The equipment you are using, is it clean, available, in good condition and is it in good working order. Outcome 3 Be able to minimise risk before moving and positioning individuals
The learner can:
1. access up-to-date copies of risk assessment documentation

2. carry out preparatory checks using:
• the individual’s care plan
• the moving and handling risk assessment
3. identify any immediate risks to the individual
4. describe actions to take in relation to identified risks
Once a risk has been identified on a risk assessment then risk control measures will be put into place to minimise the risk. 5. describe what action should be taken if the individual’s wishes conflict with their plan of care Sometimes work place policies and procedures in relation to moving and handling may conflict with someone’s wishes,...
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