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Periodic Table Trends Essay

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Periodic Table Trends Quiz

1. The most reactive metals are located in the lower left hand corner of the periodic table

2. Which of the following atoms listed below has the largest atomic radius? Ca

3. Compared to the atomic radius of a rubidium atom, the atomic radius of a strontium atom is smaller. The smaller radius is primarily the result of the strontium atom having greater effective nuclear charge

4. An element is most likely to have properties similar to those of another element in the same group

5. Most elements are Metals

6. Cations have a _____ charge and are _____ than the atoms from which they are formed. positive, smaller

7. Order the elements Chlorine, Fluorine, and Sulfur in terms of increasing atomic radius. F < Cl < S

8. The noble gas with the largest ionization energy is Helium

9. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: A transition metal AC

10. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify An atom that has a tendency to gain 2 electrons B

11. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify An element with a common oxidation state of +2 BE

12. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: full valence shell E

13. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: least reactive metal D

14. Which of the following best describes most nonmetals? high ionization energy and high electronegativity

15. All of the following elements are metals EXCEPT: Ge

16. A negative ion is known as a(n) anion

17. A negative ion is known as a(n) less than that of nitrogen, but greater than that of silicon

18. The energy required to remove an electron from an atom is the atom's ionization energy

19. Which sequence of elements is correctly arranged in order of decreasing atomic radius? Al > Si > P

20. Which statement best describes Group 16 elements as they are considered in order from top to bottom of the periodic table? the number of principal energy levels increases, and the number of valence electrons remains the same

21. A measure of the ability of an atom to attract electrons in a chemical compound is called electronegativity

22. Which is the best reason that the atomic radius generally increases with atomic number in each group of elements? the number of energy levels increases

23. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: The least reactive nonmetal (that is labeled) E

24. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: An alkaline earth metal BE

25. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: greatest electronegativity A

26. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: most reactive halogen A

27. How many valence electrons are in an atom of boron? 3

28. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a metal? Brittle

29. In the family of alkaline earth metals, the atoms with the smallest atomic radii have the highest ionization energies

30. Which of the following atoms below would have the largest atomic radius? Ca

31. A family of elements that contains the most reactive metals and are soft enough to cut with a knife is the alkalki metals

32. In the modern periodic table, elements are ordered by increasing atomic number

33. The ionization energies required to remove five successive electrons from one mole of scandium atoms are 633 kJ/mol, 1235 kJ/mol, 2389 kJ/mol, 7091 kJ/mol, and 8843 kJ/mol. The most common ion of scandium is probably Sc 3 +

34. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: An element with a common oxidation state of -1 C

35. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: least electronegative E

36. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: most reactive metal B

37. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: greatest ionization energy E

38. Which of the following atoms is most likely to gain 3 electrons? P

39. Order the elements Chlorine, Fluorine, and Sulfur in terms of increasing electronegativity. S < CI < F

40. A family of elements that has 2 electrons in its outer energy level is the alkaline earth metals

41. The number of valence electrons for Group 17 elements is 7

42. Which element in group 16 has the greatest tendency to gain an electron? O

43. Elements in the same group have similar electron structures

44. Compared to the radius of a fluorine atom, the radius of a fluoride ion would be larger because fluorine gains an electron

45. Metals tend to _____ electrons, thus forming ______, to obtain a full valence shell. Lose, cations

46. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: An element that has properties of both metals and nonmetals D

47. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: An element that belongs to a group with a valence electron configuration of "nn B

48. Using the letters labeled on periodic table diagram provided below, identify: An actinide BC

49. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: common oxidation state is -3 AB

50. Using the atom diagrams provided below, identify the letter of the atom that matches the description: lowest ionization energy B

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