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PERIOD

Topics: Education, School, Teacher / Pages: 3 (573 words) / Published: Feb 1st, 2015
PERIOD
FEATURES
REMARKABLE CHANGES

PRE-SPANISH PERIOD

Do not have an organized system of education as we have now.
They followed their code of laws “the Code of Kalantiao and Maragtas.
Ideas and facts were acquired through suggestion, observation, example and imitation.
The youngsters learned by experienced and the learned more in occupational.

The inhabitants were civilized people, possessing their system of writing, laws and moral standards in a well-organized system of government

THE SPANISH-DEVISED CURRICULUM

Three R’s –Reading, Writing and Religion
The curriculum is more on Catholicism and the acceptance of Spanish rule.
The main reading materials were the Cartilla, Caton, and Catecismo.

The curriculum for boys and girls was aimed to teach young boys and girls to serve God, discover what is good and proper for one’s self and enable the individual to get along well with his neighbors

THE AMERICAN-DEVISED CURRICULUM

The public school system established.
Train the Filipinos after the American culture and way of life.
The curriculum is based on the Ideals and traditions of America and her hierarchy values.
Filipinos taught to draw chimneys and play the role of Indian and Cowboys.
Body training – Singing, Drawing, Handwork and PE.
Mental Training – English (reading, writing, conversation, phonetics and spelling) Nature study and arithmetic.
In Grade 3 geography and civic.
In college level schools were opened with NORMAL Universities or teacher’s training curriculum to replace the Thomasites as teachers.

A significant aspect of the American-devised curriculum was the prohibition of compulsory religious instruction in the public schools

THE CURRICULUM DURING THE COMMONWEALTH

American-trained Filipino teachers applied in the Philippines the educational reforms they learned.
Introducing courses in farming trade, business, domestic science etc.
Organizing eight regional normal schools.

Commonwealth Act 586 / Educational Act of 1940, reorganized the elementary school system by eliminating Grade VII and providing for the double-single session.

THE JAPANESE-DEVISED CURRICULUM

They included nippongo and abolishing English as a medium of instruction and subject.
All textbooks were censored and revised.

The Japanese-devised curriculum caused a blackout in Philippines education and impeded the educational progress.

THE CURRICULUM DURING THE LIBERATION PERIOD

School curriculum remained basically the same as before and was still subject-centered

Restore the Grade VII to abolish the double-single session and most especially, to adopt the modern trends in education from the US.

THE CURICCULUM DURING THE PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC

Use of the vernacular in the first two grades of the primary schools as the medium of instruction.
Priority in the purchase of books for use in the schools.
Library materials.
Books locally published
Written by local authors
Appreciation of our great men and women in our country.
Preservation of our culture heritage.
Vocational Education has been introduced as part of the educational program.
Use of technologies.

The integrative-activity program, the broad field curriculum, and the experience curriculum organizations, development of supplementary curriculum materials, resource units, curriculum guides, course of study, supplementary readers and other teacher-learning aids.

CURRICULUM IN THE NEW SOCIETY

Provide for a broad general education
Proclamation No. 1081 Educational Developmental Decree of 1972
Training and retraining of teachers and administrators.
National College Entrance Examination for College applicants
Mandatory use of workbooks,
These alien schools will follow the curriculum of the DepED
Scholarships.

Emphasis of the curriculum of the New society are on moral values, relevance, proper methods of teaching, retraining of teachers, vocational and technical education, bilingualism, national consciousness and cultural values.

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