Posted on September 2, 2012
1. State: Odisha
2. Precursor: Odra Magadhi
3. Costume: Oriya patta or pure silk.
4. Mudra: Asamyukta and Samyukta hasta mudra
Odissi is one of the classical dances of India which hails from the eastern state of Odisha. Odissi dance style follows the basic principles of the treatises like Natyashastra and the tradition and the methodologies of movement described in the Shilpa Shastras of Odisha such as Shilpa Sarani and Shilpa Prakasha. The dancer is adorned with silver jewelery made of fine silver in the Tarakashi or filigree style of hand-made jewelry. The costume is made from traditional oriya patta or hand loomed silk. Traditionally, the repertoire of Odissi dance recital consist of:- 1. Mangalacharan and Bhumipranama (an obeisance to the chosen deity) - The Odissi recital opens with this invocatory piece. A combination of dance steps and mime for expressing the meaning through the gestures is used to interpret a line of poetry set to music. 2. Pallavi- A melody is introduced for the dancer who begins to move in accordance with sound patterns and notes of the song using eye movements, postures and nuanced footwork. 3. Abhinaya- The dancer now enacts the song through hand gestures, facial expressions and body movements to convey the meaning and mood of the lyrics. 4. Moksha – This is the concluding piece of the recital consisting of pure dance as well asabhinaya elements. The dancer creates varied patterns in space and time through a combination of movement and static poses. In the Odissi dance the human body is treated in terms of bhangas or postures. These areSamabhanga, Dvibhanga and Tribhanga along which deflections of the head, torso and hips can take place. The eyes and face play a very important role in expressing the moods of the song so there are specific exercises like Dristi Bheda (eye movement), Sira Bheda (head movement) and Griva Bheda (neck movement) so that the dancer’s body movement and hand expressions become more dramatic. The dance style is achieved through expression in six major areas. 1. Bhangi (Poses)
2. Bharamari (Measured leaps)
3. Chari (Dance steps)
4. Pada Bheda (Précised feet position)
5. Hastas (Hand gestures)
6. Nava Rasa (Nine emotions or moods)
The Odissi orchestra consists of pakhawaj player, a singer, flutist, a sitar or violin player and a manjira or small cymbal player. Odissi dance thus gives the impression of a soft lyrical style, highly sensuous in form, but actually it is rigorous, challenging and demands control and precision. Posted in Performing Arts | Leave a reply
Sattriya Music, Dance and Theatre
Posted on September 2, 2012
1. State: North-East India
2. Performed by: Monks of the monastic order.
3. Theatre: Ankiya Bhaona.
4. Associated Arts: Mask Making, miniature paintings etc.
The Sattriya Music, Dance and Theatre emerged from the Sattra institution combining vocal and instrumental music, dance and theatre (a monastic institution of Vaishnavite faith). It is performed by the monks of the monastic order. The word Sattriya owes its origin from the Sanskrit word ‘Sattra’ meaning a sacrificial session. The Sattriya Music, Dance and Theatre is mostly a group work having a performance text orally handed down to generations. They drew inspiration from the canonical treatises like Natyasastra and Sangita Ratnakara and are based on the literary compositions by Srimanta Sankaradeva and Mahadeva, who were great saints, poets and composers preaching the devotional faith integrated with pursuit of arts. The communities and groups performing Sattriya Music, Dance and Theatre are located in different parts of Noth-East India. Sattriya Music
The music is rich with several types like Bargits, Kirtan etc and these compositions are performed as congregational singing in various ritual services, as community prayers interwoven with elements drawn from pan-Indian and...
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