Performance Enhancement Drugs in Sports

Topics: Anabolic steroid, Testosterone, Major League Baseball Pages: 8 (2374 words) Published: July 28, 2007
Performance Enhancement Drugs in Sports

Taresha Bryant

COM 112 – Effective Persuasive Writing
Professor Kenneth Leon
July 28, 2007

Performance Enhancement Drugs In Sports

Athletic competition has been a part of our society since the beginning of time. We were born with the competitive gene; the desire to be better than the next man. Sports events give athletes the opportunity to prove, they are better than their competitor. This is good because it shows courage and determination; on the other hand, many have taken it to the extreme. Athletes will do anything to beat their competition; including taking performance enhancement drugs. It is believed that 7 out of 8 athletes are using these drugs. Athletes are now being forced to talk about their steroid use. In December 2003 the federal grand jury investigated the BALCO Corporation because of their illegal distribution of performance enhancement drugs. According to reports from BALCO, the list of steroid users is linked to the Most Valued Players (MVP) in Major League Baseball (MLB). The names being dropped are Barry Bonds, Jason Giambi and Gary Sheffield. These athletes believe taking performance enhancement drugs better their chances to win. "Athletes have taken natural or synthetic performance aids since the earliest days of organized sports competition" (Clark, Cooper and Griffen, 525). The usages of performance enhancement drugs as well as the illegal distribution and production of steroids have become too widespread. This needs to be stopped. Performance Enhancement drugs are threatening the integrity of the game. Below are the strong reasons I feel steroid use in sports needs to be stopped:

1.What exactly are performance enhancement drugs?
2.How do performance enhancement drugs work?
3.What are the health hazards?
4.Why do athletes continue to use enhancement drugs?
5.Athletes caught using performance enhancement drugs should be penalized.

What Exactly Are Performance Enhancement Drugs?

Performance Enhancement drugs mostly known as steroids is a synthetic form of male hormone. Steroids are broken down into a two different ways:
Anabolic = growing or building
Androgenic = masculinization; developing male sexual characteristics

Anabolic/androgenic steroids are also know as, energy boosters. Anabolic steroids are classified as Schedule III drugs in accordance with the Controlled Substance Act (U.S. Department of Justice – DEA, 1997). Today anabolic steroids are chemically manufactured. Most healthy males produce between 2 to 10 milligrams of testosterone a day. Testosterone is largely responsible for the change in muscle, bone structure and density. Testosterone first starts working in the mail reproductive system during the puberty, assisting with the growth of body hair and the deepening of the voice. Steroids give the athletes an increased amount of male testosterone which increases their strength and size. Taking bigger doses of testosterone will also produce more growth and development. The result of taking anabolic steroids is beneficial to athletes because it helps them to gain physical strength, train harder and build their muscle. The ability to gain weight and building muscle quickly is very appealing to today's athletes. They think that by doing this, it gives them the power and strength to be the best at what they do. Athletes know that if they get injured their body repairs quicker being on steroids.

How Do Performance Enhancement Drugs Work?

There are two types of steroids; oral and injectible. Oral steroids are pills that can be detected in the body for weeks or month after the person stops taking them. Injectible steroids are injected into muscle tissue. Injectible steroids are slowly released out of the muscle and into the body. The body tolerates injectible steroids more efficiently and that is the reason why athletes prefer them. Some athletes will even combine oral steroids with injectible steroids for...

References: Clark, Cooper, and Griffen. "An Old Problem."
Congressional Quarterly Researchers July 26, 1991; 525.
ESPN.COM (October 2004) Congress Passes the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004
ESPN News Wire.
Paterson, E.R. (1989) Steroids in Sports
American Library Association, v29, p20-23
(December 2004) Baseball Facing Crisis as Steroids Scandal Deepens
Retrieved December 6, 2004 from
(December 2004) Giambi Reportedly Says He Used Steroids
Retrieved December 6, 2004 from
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