perceptions of nursing

Topics: Epidemiology, Sexually transmitted disease, AIDS Pages: 1 (342 words) Published: March 5, 2014
DQ 1Descriptive epidemiology studies the characteristics in a population according to person, place, and time. How do these characteristics help researchers understand the development of disease? The use of the characteristics of person, place and time are patterns of disease recognition that dates back to John Snows investigation of cholera in London (Byass, 2001). Understanding the characteristics of person, place or time aids a researcher in understanding whether a cluster of disease is occurring in current time in a particular geographic region or more of an outbreak which can be limited in its duration (Auchincloss & Diez Roux, 2008). Knowing whether or not the disease is an outbreak or isolated allows researchers to understand the necessary actions related to prevention, interventions, as well as how a community is going to use the resources to respond to the various needs of the community (Gesink, Sullivan, Miller, & Bernstein, 2011). Researchers can use these characteristics to gauge how the disease began and how many people can be affected by the disease. For instance, HIV/Aids is on the rise amongst women in the African American/Black population in Washington DC and researchers are using descriptive epidemiology to understand how this is impacting these groups in particular since many of these women are in monogamous heterosexual relationships (Amutah, 2012). Looking at this population in one part of the country during a specific period of time allow researchers to understand how the disease is impacting this population in this region and offers insight into creating programs and interventions to diminish the impact of the disease. References:

Amutah, N. N. (2012). African American Women: The Face of HIV/AIDS in Washington, DC. Qualitative Report, 17(46), 1-15. Auchincloss, A., & Diez Roux, A. (2008). A new tool for epidemiology: the usefulness of dynamic-agent models in understanding place effects on health. American Journal Of Epidemiology,...

References: Amutah, N. N. (2012). African American Women: The Face of HIV/AIDS in Washington, DC. Qualitative Report, 17(46), 1-15.
Auchincloss, A., & Diez Roux, A. (2008). A new tool for epidemiology: the usefulness of dynamic-agent models in understanding place effects on health. American Journal Of Epidemiology, 168(1), 1-8.
Byass, P. (2001). Person, place and time- but who, where, and when?. Scandinavian Journal Of Public Health, 29(2),
Gesink, D., Sullivan, A., Miller, W., & Bernstein, K. (2011). Sexually transmitted disease core theory: roles of person, place, and time. American Journal Of Epidemiology, 174(1), 81-89. doi:10.1093/aje/kwr035
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