Perception and Attention

Topics: Psychology, Perception, Cognition Pages: 6 (1861 words) Published: December 16, 2010
Perception and Attention
Perception is a remarkable trait. Consider human vision, a two-dimensional array of light appears on the retina, which houses the visual receptors. Instead of seeing a random collection of color dots, people immediately experience a rich, coherent, veridical, three-dimensional perception of an object, person, or event Perhaps the most astounding fact is that this occurs immediately, mostly outside of conscious awareness (Robinson-Riegler& Robinson-Riegler, 2008).

Perception and attention are two independent mechanisms relevant to one another. Attention is the state of focused awareness on a division of available perceptual information. This paper will explain the concept of perception, break down the perceptual organizational process, define the concept of attention, analyze the nature of the attention process and explain the relationship between perception and attention. Define the concept of perception

The term perception refers to the complete process of apprehending objects and events in the community. Perception is a set of processes that organize information in the sensory image and interprets that information from experiences of the external world. Perception commonly focuses on the apprehension of objects or events, opposed to focusing on sensation or sensory process. Perception is process of obtaining sensory information about the world of people, things, and events. Perception is acquired through an independent sensory receptor that evaluates stimulation into simple sensations and by associating those sensations into perceptual structures; the brain mirrors the environment (Perception, 2004). Perception is the next stage, in which an internal representation of an object is formed and a perception of the external stimulus is developed. The representation provides a description of the perceiver’s external environment. The visual process provides estimates of an object’s likely size, shape, movement, distance, and orientation (Gerrig, Zimbardo, 2002). Perception is considered to be a person’s primary source of knowledge.The world is not shown to people in conceptual form; rather, people impose such a form on what is received, by categorization or conceptualization (Perception, 2007). As a result of perceiving, individuals arrive at a conclusion about a person, place, or thing. Breakdown of perception organization

The breakdown of perception organization has to do with how individuals tell the difference in an organized pattern, other than the divided pieces. The Gestalt psychologist puts this idea in understanding words, “the whole is different from the parts” (Plhakova, 2008 p. 109). Gestalt means, “a structure, configuration, or pattern of physical, biological, or psychological phenomena so integrated as to constitute a functional unit with properties not derivable by summation of its parts” (Merriam, 2010). The founder and the viewpoint of Gestalt came from psychologist Max Wertheimer. Dr. Wertheimer as well as others noted that the speed series of perceptual occurrence, like in a row of sparkling lights, develop a hallucination of movement without any motion (Plhakava, 2008).

Many other theorists had the understanding that perception organization illustrates inborn traits of the brain; however, this is not truth. Perception and the brain draw a connection between previous perception and a range of cognitive domain of discovery, induction, and causal reasoning. One can question superficial perception and its existence. However, this does not equal the strong resemblance of reality (Palmer & Brooks, 2008).

The perception organization process changes impression into comprehending objects in the brain. When one views a pattern, it requires comprehension of the experience. This shows that a union guide is not a bottom-up process from pictures to objects. The perception organization is a highly combination process for reflection that seeks the best fitting focus. The Gestalt...

References: Caparos, S., &Linnell, K. (2010). The spatial focus of attention is controlled at Perpetual and Cognitive Levels. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.Vol.36, Issue5.
Gerrig, R, &Zimbardo, P. (2002).Psychology and life. Boston, MA: A Pearson Education Company.
Merriam-webster dictionary. (2010). Gestalt. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-
Palmer, Stephen E.; Brooks, Joseph L. (2008). Edging-region grouping in figure-ground
organization and depth perception
Perception and Performance, Vol. 34 (6), Dec, 2008 p. 1353-1371.
Perception. (2007). In The Penguin English Dictionary. Retrieved from
Perception. (2004). In The Concise Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science. Retrieved from
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Robinson-Riegler, G., & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008).Cognitive Psychology. Applying the Science of the Mind, Second Edition. Available from
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