Pencular

Topics: India, Western Ghats, Deccan Plateau Pages: 7 (1585 words) Published: June 20, 2013
Great Indian Peninsular Plateau - Inform ative & researched article on Great Indian Peninsular Plateau

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Great Indian Peninsular Plateau
Indian Peninsular Plateau or the Deccan Plateau is a raised flat landscape that stretches to the south of the alluvial plains of the Northern India

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The Great Indian

Peninsular Plateau, alternatively known as the Plateau of the Peninsular India, is a vast plateau, comprising most of the southern part of the country. The plateau rises 100 m in the north, and stretches over 1 km in the south, forming an elevated triangle nestled in the renowned downward-moving triangle of the coastline of the Indian subcontinent. The Great Indian Peninsular Plateau stretches to the south of the alluvial plains of the Northern India forming a large triangle with its apex in the south at Cape Comorin. The Great Indian Peninsular Plateau is formed essentially of the ancient igneous rocks. The earth movements which have brought some changes in the landscape of this stale block of the earth`s crust were vertical, thus, resulting in the formation of faults along which some areas sank forming faulted basins or rift valleys.

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During the Gondwana period, when drainage of the neighbouring area flowed into these basins, deposited clays and sandstones and turned them into swamps. The position of the Gondwana rocks is roughly marked by the valleys of the Damodar River, Godavari River and Mahanadi River. Geography of Great Indian Peninsular Plateau Malwa Plateau is drained to the north and is formed by horizontally bedded sandstones and limestones that were laid down during the earlier Gondwana period. During this period, the Malwa Plateau was submerged under the sea. South of the Satpura Mountain Range, the peninsula is named the Deccan Plateau. After examining the young and folded mountains of the north and much younger plains to their south, one can move down further south to the oldest structure of the Indian subcontinent. As a matter of fact, the slow but stable progress of this landmass (tectonic plates) towards north and north-east is accountable for the construction of the Himalayas and the Northern Plains. The peninsular plateau is further split up into the Central Highlands in India and the Deccan Plateau. Central Highlands The northern part of the peninsular block is called the Central highlands, the block comprises two parts, delimited by the west-flowing Narmada. Vindhyas and its eastern elongations border the one lying to the north on one side though they are not truly towering. It is created from solid igneous and metamorphic rocks. Towards the north-west it is lined by the Aravallis. The plateau stretches further to the west, but is cut across by the sandy and rocky deserts of Rajasthan. These are pretty old fold mountains. On the third side, this plateau unites progressively with the Indo-Gangetic Plains of the north. This is known as the Malwa Plateau; reasonably wide in the west and becomes tapered in the east. The eastern part is known as Bundelkhand and Baghelkhand in southern Uttar Pradesh. In south Bihar...
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