The Pencil

Good Essays
Topics: Graphite
Thought the interview was unnecessary, put it in as filler Thought it was all-encompassing and informative

Pencil

Silverpoint is a graphic medium which preceded the common lead pencil.

Instead of lead a point of silver wire is fixed in a wooden holder. Since

this will leave but the faintest trace on an ordinary paper surface, a

special ground must be prepared. A paste of powdered bone or chalk mixed

withwater and gum or starch is spread with a stiff brush in thin coats, each

coat being allowed to dry before another is applied to form a perfectly

smooth and even surface. The silverpoint is not so flexible a medium as

pencil, and erasure is practically impossible. The pressure of the point on

the ground demands careful control.

The main characteristics of silverpoint drawing are a fine clarity

and delicate gray tonality. In time the line turns brown through oxidation.

European artists of the 15th and 16th centuries often began their drawings

in silverpoint, finishing them with pen and ink. Albrecht Dürer(1471-1528)

took advantage of its indelible character in using it for sketch books during

his travels. Though popular during the Renaissance, especially in the north

with the Van Eycks (active in the early 15th century) and Rogier van der

Weyden (c.1399-1464), silverpoint fell into disuse in succeeding periods. It

was revived from time to time, notably by Hendrik Goltzius (1558-1617),

Rembrandt (1606-1669), and Alphonse Legros (1837-1911). In the 20th century

it is being reinvestigated as a highly exacting but distinguished technique.

(Colliers Encyclopedia CD-ROM 1996)

The modern pencil dates from the middle of the sixteenth century,

when a new mineral that made a dark but removable mark was discovered in

England 's Lake District. The new mineral was called black lead, because it

made a blacker line than metallic lead, which had been among the most common

means of making a mark on paper without the mess and bother of ink and quill.

Black



Cited: Turner A., Richard. "Leonardo Da Vinci." Colliers Encyclopedia CD-ROM., 02-28- 1996. Petroski, Henry. "Rub-out?.", Vol. 209, New Republic, 12-06-1993, pp 11. Morrissey, Jake. "Home Edition.", Los Angeles Times, 10-07-1996, pp E-1.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The Pencil

    • 529 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Who invented the pencil? The origins of the humble pencil go back thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians and Romans used a stylus, a thin metal stick usually made of lead, to scratch words into an early form of paper called papyrus. Different versions of this device were used for centuries. It was not until the 16th century that early pencils were produced. A large deposit of graphite was discovered near Grey Knotts in England during the first half of the 1500’s. Local residents cut the graphite…

    • 529 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    the pencil

    • 4948 Words
    • 20 Pages

    Can't count the years on one hand That we've been together I need the other one to hold you. Make you feel, make you feel better. It's not a walk in the park To love each other. But when our fingers interlock, Can't deny, can't deny you're worth it Cause after all this time. I'm still into you I should be over all the butterflies I'm into you (I'm into you) And baby even on our worst nights I'm into you (I'm into you) Let them wonder how we got this far Cause I don't really need to…

    • 4948 Words
    • 20 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    I Pencil

    • 4262 Words
    • 18 Pages

    50th Anniversary Edition I, Pencil My Family Tree as Told to Leonard E. Read FOUNDATION FOR ECONOMIC EDUCATION 30 South Broadway Irvington-on-Hudson New York 10533 1-800-960-4FEE • 914-591-7230 www.fee.org “I, Pencil” is a superb case study of free markets in action. Half of the world’s economic problems would vanish if everyone would read “I, Pencil.” Burton W. Folsom, Jr. Professor of History Hillsdale College b There is no better, more easily understood, and more fun explanation…

    • 4262 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    tombow pencil

    • 325 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Tombow Pencil CO. Founded by Harunosuke Ogawa in 1913 is a Japanese writing device manufacturer. Mitsubishi, its competitor along with Tombow shared about 70% of the pencil market industry before 1963 (Mishina, 1993) Tombow as other companies are always seeking for ways to improve their operational system as well as their quality in order for them to become the leaders in the market. The way that Tombow is achieving this way of improvement is relatively different than other firms, instead of vertically…

    • 325 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    I, Pencil

    • 303 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The story, I, Pencil, demonstrates many economic principles. Having every part of the pencil made in different areas around the world, trees grown in Northern California and Oregon, graphite mined from Sri Lanka, and a rubber like product for the eraser from Indonesia to name a few, illustrates specialization. Each area has comparative advantage for making what they produce. The story also illustrates division of labor. The parts of the pencil are divided among groups of people to make. The people…

    • 303 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Pencils and Erasers

    • 371 Words
    • 2 Pages

    on the top of pencils. Today they are still being used throughout the world! What would life be like without pencils? Now people do not have to worry about making mistakes on a paper because erasers have been invented. So many things have been invented with the help of pencils. Pencils help us learn, teach, and invent. The pencil with an eraser top was created by Hyman Lipman, but soon after he ‘invented’ the pencil people said he did not really invent that type of pencil. Pencils and erasers have…

    • 371 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Pencil Box

    • 2306 Words
    • 10 Pages

    THE PENCIL BOX Nobody liked Jane. As soon as Emily Sweet found that copy of Anne of Green Gables—a three-hundred-page-long book! —in Jane’s faded purple kindergarten backpack, that was it. Any hope Jane had for a normal life, for swing on the swings, for making a life long friend, someone to share secrets and giggles with, someone to teeter totter with, was over, because nobody likes the smart girl. Nobody likes someone who totes a three hundred page long book to read on…

    • 2306 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Pencil box

    • 644 Words
    • 3 Pages

    STAGE 2 DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY Material Products Assessment Type 1: Skills and Applications Task Materials Applications Purpose This task provides the opportunity for you to demonstrate your ability to: investigate and critically analyse the purpose, design concepts, processes, and production techniques of existing products investigate and analyse the differing characteristics and properties of materials or components. apply appropriate knowledge and understanding of skills, processes,…

    • 644 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Marketing Pencil

    • 7257 Words
    • 30 Pages

    INDEX • Acknowledgement • Executive Summary • Introduction to the market • Definition to the marketing plan • Impact of Environmental factors • Marketing Plan for pencils • Category analysis • Current market situation • Customer analysis • Marketing strategy • Product development process • Brand name, Brand equity, Brand image • Segmentation and Targeting • Profile of rural market in general • Marketing Mix and Integrated Marketing Communication…

    • 7257 Words
    • 30 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Economics of Pencil

    • 603 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Economics of Pencil Making Just as with any other manufactured products, the economics of pencil manufacturing are driven by a number of factors. These cost drivers include: • cost of raw materials (wood, graphite, clay, brass or aluminum for ferrules, lacquer components, etc.) • cost of parts or other finished components used to assemble the pencil • cost of transportation and handling of various materials used and of the finished product to the factory • cost of labor and benefits for the…

    • 603 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays