AIM OF STUDY
The aim of the study is to investigate and state the main problems of a peasant farm in Danvers Pen, St. Thomas, Jamaica.
LOCATION OF STUDY
On February 3, at Danvers Pen, St Thomas, Jamaica data was recorded by the use of cameras, videos , tape recorders, informal interviews and also by Jimmy Woolcock who also a lecture along with the works on the farm who gave information about the farm. Observation took place along the farm during the hours of 10:00 am – 1:00 pm on Mr. Mullings peasant farm.
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
A peasant is a member of a traditional class of farmers, either laborers or owners of small farms, or more generally, in any pre-industrial society. It is mainly defined as rearing of animals and cultivation of crops on a small scale. On most peasant farm it has approximately 2 plots of land and mostly found selling in local or rural areas. They have none, small or limited amount of tools and equipments and mostly use manual labor on the farm. On Mr. Woolcock’s farm he struggles with a lot of different problems such as: pest and diseases lost of crops and animals. He uses simple products to help the plants grow and prevent these problems from occurring.
WHAT ARE THE POBLEMS AFFECTING PEASANT FARMS??
On a typical peasant farm they face many challenges such as:
Climate – Climate is the condition of the atmosphere over a long period of time where agriculture is practiced. To farmers climate maybe referred to as the amount of sunlight and rain they received.
Relief – This is referred to as the height or steepness of the land. As high increases temperature drops and this influences the type of crops that can be cultivated at that specific place. It’s harder to cultivate crops on steeper slopes as machinery cannot reach there. In some cases the soil is thinner and less fertile and most likely to have erosions on the steeper slopes than it is on flatter surfaces.
Soil – This determines the type of crop that is able to be cultivated this specific area. The structure, composition and fertility differ in many places.
Natural Hazards – This refers to the natural occurrences that may affect them.
Labour – This refers to the manual work of people done on the farm.
Tradition – Some farmers do not change their method of farming. They often use simple tools and implements rather than the new machines. This also sometime determines the size of the farm as the farmer may divides the lad among his children when he passes.
Praedial larceny – This is the theft of plants and animals on the farm.
Land Tenure – This refers to the legal use of land for farming. In some cases the land maybe rented out by the landowner to cultivate.
Capital – This refers to the money is in all stages of production.
Storage – In some case many farmers don’t have the facilities to keep the animals before and after they have been slaughtered.
Transport – This refers to the mobility of goods from the farm to the markets.
Markets – This is where the goods produced are sold or where there is a demand for the farm produced.
Technology – Technology refers to the application of technical knowledge to agriculture. Agricultural toots range from simple tools to modern irrigation systems.
Government polices - This refers to the action of the government towards the farmers, they have a great influence on farmers.
HOW ARE THESE CHARARTERISTICS COMPARED TO THOSE ON MR. WOOLCOCK’S FARM??
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