May 10, 2014
Sociology 1010 LD05
Pearl Harbor Attack
For tens of thousands of Japanese Americans particularly those living on the West Coast, life was about to change dramatically. At 7:55 AM on Sunday, December 7, 1941, hundreds of Japanese warplanes, launched from aircraft carriers far out at sea, attacked the American Pacific fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. America was attacked by the Japanese during Pearl Harbor. This killed more than 2,300 Americans. The U.S.S. Arizona was completely destroyed and the U.S.S. Oklahoma capsized (Air Raid on Pearl). A total of twelve ships sank or were beached in the attack and nine additional vessels were damaged. More than 160 aircraft were destroyed and more than 150 others damaged. The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters. The following day (December 8), the United States declared war on Japan. The day after the assault, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan; Congress approved his declaration with just one dissenting vote. Three days later, Japanese allies Germany and Italy also declared war on the United States, and again Congress reciprocated (Air Raid on Pearl). More than two years into the conflict, America had finally joined World War II. Domestic support for non-interventionism, which had been strong, disappeared. Clandestine support of Britain (e.g., the Neutrality Patrol) was replaced by active alliance. Subsequent operations by the U.S. prompted Germany and Italy to declare war on the U.S. on December 11, which was reciprocated by the U.S. the same day.
Like mentioned earlier, the attack was a surprise but U.S. and Japan were edging towards war for years. The U.S. was unhappy with Japan because they had an increasingly belligerent attitude toward China. Their government believed that the only way to solve its economic and demographic...
Cited: "Air Raid on Pearl Harbor." Library of Congress- American Memory. The Library of
Congress, 2010. Web. 10 May 2014.
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