# Pearl: Embodiment of Sin

Topics: Archimedes, Archimedean spiral, Pi Pages: 2 (439 words) Published: December 3, 2013
Archimedes once said “Give me a lever long enough and a fulcrum on which to place it, and I shall move the world..” Archimedes is considered to be one of the greatest ancient mathematicians. Archimedes was born in about 287 BC in Syracuse, Sicily. At the time Syracuse was an independent Greek city-state with a 500-year history. Clothing in Ancient Greece primarily consisted of chiton, peplos, himation and chlamys. Clothes were mainly home made and often served many purpose. Archimedes’ father was an astronomer Phidias and he was probably related to Hieron II, the king of Syracuse. Belonging to a Greek family young Archimedes was always encouraged to get education and be knowledgeable. Besides math and science his other major interests included: poetry, politics, astronomy, music, art and military tactics. Archimedes received his formal education in Alexandria, Egypt which at the time was considered to be the 'intellectual center' of the world. When he completed his formal studies in Alexandria, he returned and stayed in Syracuse for the rest of his life. Archimedes discovered how to find the volume of a sphere. Archimedes discovered that a sphere that has the same diameter as the height and width of the cylinder 2/3 of the surface area is a cylinder. In addition he determined the exact value of Pi. Archimedes also used a form of math that’s very similar to todays calculus. He used this to try and find the space on the outside of the parabola. Archimedes also tried to calculate the amount of sand that could fit in the universe. Archimedes made a major contribution to the invention of calculus before Newton. Another major contribution was he created Powers of ten, a way of counting that refers to the number of zeros in a number which eliminated the use of Greek alphabet in the counting system. Archemides wrote many works including “ On the Sphere and Cylinder”, On the Measurement of a Circle,” “On Conoids and Apheroids”, “ On Spirals”, “ The Sandrecknor”, “On...