Republic of the Philippines
Leyte Normal University
Social Work Department
Subject: HBSE2: PHILIPPINE SOCIAL REALITIES & SOCIAL WELFARE Title: ISSUE ANALYSIS PAPER (PDAF scam)
Date Submitted: September 30, 2013
PRIORITY DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FUND
The history of ‘pork barrel’ started way back on 1922, during the American colonial period. The PDAF in its current form was reintroduced on 1986 during Corazon Aquino’s administration with the creation of the Countryside Development Fund (CDF) in 1990, since Ferdinand Marcos blocked or stopped this pork barrel system during his dictatorship. But on Corazon’s administration the budget for CDF was relieve with ₱2.3 billion in initial funding, it was designed for legislators to fund infrastructure or community projects. The program or system had different names over the years, including the Countryside Development Fund (CDF), Congressional Initiative Fund, and currently the Priority Development Assistance Fund which was renamed in 2000, during the administration of Joseph Estrada. Since 2008, every member in the House of the Representatives receives an annual PDAF of ₱70 million, while on the senate or the senators receives an annual allocation of 200 million & the President also benefits from a PDAF-like allocation, the President's Social Fund (PSF), worth around ₱1 billion. PDAF allocation has gradually increased over the years, before Arroyo stepped down, the last PDAF for the year 2010 at ₱10.86 billion, but when the Benigno Aquino III administration passed its first budget for 2011, the allocation more than doubled to ₱24.62 billion.
This Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) or also known in the Philippines as “pork barrel” is a funds that is being allocated to the members of the Philippine House of Representatives and the Philippine Senate. This was designed to give legislators easy access to capital so that they can earmark projects for improving their respective constituencies. It can also be used for different projects, such as buildings and roads, scholarships and medical expenses or what is also called the ‘hard’ & ‘soft’ projects. The allocation of PDAF are released by the Department of Budget and Management (DBM), also the allocations are often dependent on the relationship of the legislator with the current or sitting President.
But recently, this PDAF scam issue became a problem. So what makes this issue a problem? Of course this issue became a problem because it affects the people either ordinary or not, & another thing is that it also affects the country. Some people or the masa was not aware of the starting of the misused of the PDAF. So, how did the PDAF was misused? The PDAF was supposed to be a budget for some projects for the people & the community but in the PDAF scam it was used to fund ghost projects by the alleged mother of the 10-B pork barrel scam namely, Janet Lim-Napoles, by the legislators & other people involved in the scam. This pork barrel scam is the misused of PDAF by some congressmen & some legislators by funding projects that does not really exist & some non-government organizations that are under the JLN (Janet Lim-Napoles) group of companies. The scam was first exposed to the public by Benhur K. Luy, who was the president of the Social Development for Farmers Foundation, “which was designated (as a recipient of PDAF) by senators and congressmen." Worked for Napoles, a relative, for 10 years, from September 2002 until she allegedly locked him up in a condominium unit on December 19, 2012 to prevent him from spilling the beans on the scam. After. Luy, the whistle-blower was rescued by the agents of NBI last March 22, 2013, he was kept by Napoles at her unit at Pacific Plaza Towers in Fort Bonifacio. According to Benhur K. Luy’ s testimony funds would be processed through ghost non-governmental organizations (NGOs)...
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