Pcos Research Paper

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Topics: Menstrual cycle
Diagnoses / Signs and Symptoms of PCOS Symptoms of PCOS usually begin to appear very soon after the time a young woman starts having her menstrual cycle. Sometimes, symptoms can also appear for the first time later during the reproductive years, especially if she has gained weight. The severity of PCOS symptoms may affect most women differently. It has many signs; these signs could be easily noticed or seen by the woman involved or her doctor. And the symptoms can also be noticed or felt by the person involved. Gaining too much weight or obesity makes this situation worse. Before a woman is diagnosed with this condition, there are many signs which could be a red flag that the doctor needs to look out for. Irregular and …show more content…
This may help to reduce all symptoms of PCOS and lessen the long-term risk of infertility and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is the major line of PCOS treatment, such as improved exercise, diet modifications, and weight loss can help to decrease the metabolic irregularities associated with PCOS. Weight loss has been known to correct oligo anovulation and advance the ability of women with PCOS to have successful …show more content…
This type of therapy can be used to control androgen levels and reduce the signs of hyperandrogenism as well as to control menstrual cycles which will also help to diminish the risk of heavy and irregular menstrual bleeding related to the loss of normal estrogen and progesterone levels in the body. Treatment of acne and hirsutism can be successfully done with anti-androgens such as spironolactone, finasteride, and flutamide. Spironolactone and flutamide inhibits dihydrotestosterone and testosterone by binding to their receptors in outer cells such as hair follicles. Finasteride hinders the conversion of testosterone to the more effective dihydrotestosterone in the outer cells.
Treatment of glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia, and anovulation can be achieved with Metformin. Decreasing circulating insulin levels may likely reduce ovarian androgen synthesis. Metformin diminishes glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinemia by increasing insulin sensitivity at the insulin target cells and decreasing hepatic gluconeogenesis and lipogenesis. It can also be used to avoid and control type 2 diabetes mellitus. When all these measures are taken, ovulation can be induced

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