Chapter 5 – Patterns of Family Relations
5.1: What is the Composition of the Typical Family Group?
The Family Composition of Ju/’Hoansi
← Live in groups of 10-40, bilaterally related who hunt and gather in a territory or a water hole.
← Nuclear family = Husband, wife and children.
Brideserving: Groom has to live in his wife’s parents’ camp and work there for as long as 10 years. The Family Composition of Trobriand Islanders
← Population ranges from 40-400 in about 80 villages.
← Pair of brothers and sisters emerged from the ground to start their clan.
← Soul of the dead re-enters a new born baby (Baloma).
← Woman cannot conceive without her brother’s permission.
← Trobriand theories deny the role of men in conception.
Brother Sister > Husband Wife
The Family Composition of Rural Chinese
← The living is guided by the ancestors and the ancestors depend on the contributions of the living.
← Sons carry out the family line.
← A cooking stove is passed down from one generation to another as ancestral altar.
Houses are build in a way to easily accommodate additional family members.
5.2: How Are Families Formed and the Ideal Family Type Maintained?
The Family Cycle of Ju/’hoansi
← earn about courtship, sex, and marriage early in life
← The men usually marry for the first time between the ages of 18 and 25
← Women usually marry as early as 12 – 14 years of age.
← Marriages are almost always arranged by the parents.
The key relationship in Ju/’hoansi people is between husband and wife. The Family Cycle of Trobriand Islanders
← Courtship and sexual play begin early in Trobriand Islanders. ← Children begin seeking partners at the ages of 11-13
← Parents sometimes arrange matches.
← All Trobrianders belong to one of four clans, and they must marry out of their own clan, into another. ← There is no formal marriage ceremony
← One reason men marry is to obtain yams
← Most divorces occur in the first year, and are uncommon after a few years. Key relationship in Trobriand Islanders is between brother and sister. The Family Cycle of Rural Chinese
← The main relationship for Rural Chinese is between father and son
← A marriage takes place in the name of the parents gaining a daughter-in-law, not in the name of the son taking a wife.
← Marriages are almost always arranged, often far in advance.
← When a boy is 6 or 7 years old, his parents might hire a matchmaker to find a girl, who will eventually be a suitable bride for their son.
← Another way for a boy to find a bride is to marry an adopted sister.
← Chinese weddings are very formal and for the groom’s family very expensive.
Feasting and dancing accompany the wedding and sometimes last three or four days.
5.3: What are the Roles of Sexuality, Love and Wealth?
Sex, Love, and Wealth Among Ju/’Hoansi
← Wealth plays no part in the lives of Ju/’Hoansi
← Sexuality is considered very important among the women
← Physical and mental well being
← Maximizes independence
← Attract possible partners
← Cause of conflicts among men
Ju/’Hoansi families are built to avoid permanent ties.
Sex, Love, and Wealth Among Trobriand Islanders
← Sexual appeal is important only before a women’s marriage to attract partners
← After marriage they concentrate on motherhood and family planning
← Men’s sexuality isn’t considered as important.
Links between the families are formed on the basis of labour, rather than wealth Sex, Love and Wealth Among Rural Chinese
← Relationships before marriage are not part of the Rural Chinese culture
← An affair before marriage can result in an marriage in a different village
← Becoming a mother strengthens a women’s relationship with her husband and his family.
The man is obliged...
Links: ← Particularly in china, Ellen Judd researched growing power of females after cultural revolution
← Gained rights (Inheritance Law 1985)
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