Pathophysiology

Topics: Renal failure, Thyroid hormone, Hypertension Pages: 4 (679 words) Published: June 13, 2013
Pathophysiology .

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is being treated with insulin. However, respiratory paralysis have been developed requiring assisted ventilation. What is the mechanism for the respiratory failure? A myasthenic-like reaction associated with DKA.

Fructose accumulation and its intolerance.
Hyperkalaemia.
Hypophosphataemia.
Primary adrenal insufficiency is typically accompanied by:
Diabetes mellitus.
Hypercalcaemia.
Sudden recent weight gain.
Hypotension.
Causes of hypoparathyroidism listed below are true EXCEPT:
Post- ? 1 therapy for hyperthyroidism or thyroid cancer.
Complication of thyroid and /or parathyroid surgery.
Parathyroid solitary (multiple) adenomas.
Autoimmune.
The following statements are true except…: Stroke.
Is one of the most common neurologic disease.
Is a hereditary disease of an individual whose parents are chronic alcoholics. Is one of the most frequent complications of hypertension.
May be caused non-valvular arterial fibrillation.
All of the following is correct EXCEPT:
An enzyme may be used many times over for a specific reaction Alanin aminotransferase (ALT, GPT) levels are elevated in brain trauma Aspartic aminotransferase (AST, GOT) levels are elevated in heart disorders Alanin aminotransferase (ALT, GPT) levels are elevated in the extensive hepatic necrosis. The acidosis of chronic renal failure is characterized by:

Normal arterial PCO2
Low serum chloride concentration.
Increased renal production of ammonia
Decreased serum HCO3- concentration.
Which finding is not typically present in tubulointerstitial nephropathy? Non-anion gap metabolic acidosis.
Decrease in glomerular filtration rate.
Increase in fractional excretion of sodium
Decrease ability to concentrate the urine.
The key anatomic features of Huntungton’s disease is:
Depigmentation of the substantia nigra
Atrophy of the caudate nuclei.
Sclerosis of the hippocampus.
Demyelination scattered throughout CNS white matter.
What...
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