1:1 possible effects of traumatic experience on Tina 's life
A sexually abused child may encounter a traumatic experience in life, he or she may face several sudden changes at most they scare her. Tina did not get the protection she anticipated from her Mother after the traumatic experience in her life. As a result she faced psychological effects which eventually lead to depression and poor self esteem as well as a post-traumatic disorder.
According to Stansfeld (2001:31), Tina may become silent and withdrawn, her normal functioning is on a disintergration state and completely unable to behave in a rational manner. She became dominated by bewilderment and discouragement.
As Matsakis ( 1996:18) reiterated that a sexually abused victim is subjected to depersonalisation because it robs the child of his or her person hood.
1.2 Observable effects
1.2.1 Child abuse
Child abuse is termed as physical, emotional or sexual abuse abuse by parents or any adult tasked with the care and well-being of a child ( The Natal Education Department 's Circular 12:1987)
Adverse effects of Child abuse
This can be broken down into several components.
Physical abuse: it entails violence directed at children. A physically abused child receives intentional and persistent physical injury as a result of actiond on the part of his or her educators/parents or guardians (Hobbs et al 1993:47). The effects are disheartening, namely: bruises, scalds, chemical injury, bone fractures, lacerations, brain and cranial injuries as well as haemorrhaging and internal injuries (Pretorius 1977:4, Mayhill & Norgard 1983:110-111).
Physical neglect: is failure to protect a child from exposure to any kind of danger.
It is an extreme incompetency by parents to provide important aspects of care thus child development is disturbed (Hobbs et al 1993:89).
Emotional abuse: is an injury to the intellectual capacity of the child. This can be evidenced by an observable and substantial
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