Things can happen now, in the future or in the past. The tenses show the time of a verb's action or being. The verb ending is changed (conjugated) to show roughly what time it is referring to. Time can be split into three periods The Present[->0] (what you are doing), The Past[->1] (what you did) and The Future[->2] (what you are going to do). The tenses we use to show what time we are talking about are split into the Simple, Continuous and Perfect tenses. In English we use two tenses to talk about the present and six tenses to talk about the past. There are several ways to talk about the future some of which use the present tenses, these are: Present|Simple Present[->3]|
|Present Perfect Simple[->7]|
|Present Perfect Continuous[->8]|
|Past Perfect Simple[->9]|
|Past Perfect Continuous[->10]|
Future|Using the Simple Present[->11]|
|Using the Present Continuous[->12]|
|Using the Present Perfect Simple[->13]|
|Using the Present Perfect Continuous[->14]|
|Using going to[->15]|
The simple tenses are used to show permanent characteristics of people and events or what happens regularly, habitually or in a single completed action. Continuous Tenses
The continuous tenses are used when talking about a particular point in time. Perfect Tenses
Sometimes you need to give just a little bit more information about an action or state...and that is where the perfect tenses come in. The perfect tenses are used when an action or situation in the present is linked to a moment in the past. It is often used to show things that have happened up to now but aren't finished yet or to emphasize that something happened but is not true anymore. When they end determines which of them you use. Perfect tenses are never used when we say when something happened i.e. yesterday, last year etc. but can be used when discussing the duration of something i.e. often, for, always, since etc.. The Future Tenses
Discussing the future in English can seem complicated.The present simple[->17], present continuous[->18], present perfect simple[->19] and the present perfect continuous[->20] can all be used and often it is possible to use more than one structure, but have the same meaning. 1. simple present = The simple present tense is used to discuss permanant situations and the frequency of events. To have|Short form|Other Verbs (to work)|
I have|I've|I work|
he has|he's|He works|
she has|she's|She works|
it has|it's|It works|
you have|you've|you work|
we have|we've|we work|
they have|they've|they work|
Statements+|Statements-|Questions|Short answer +|Short answer-| I work.|I don't work.|Do I work?|Yes, I do.|No, I don't.|
He works.|He doesn't work.|Does he work?|Yes, he does.|No, he doesn't.| She works.|She doesn't work.|Does she work?|Yes, she does.|No, she doesn't.| It works.|It doesn't work.|Does it work?|Yes, it does.|No, it doesn't.| You work.|You don't work.|Do you work?|Yes you do.|No, you don't.| We work.|We don't work.|Do we work?|Yes we do.|No, we don't.| They work.|They don't work.|Do they work?|Yes they do.|No, they don't.| Regular or permanent situations
When something happens regularly or is a permanent situation we usually use the simple present tense. When using the simple present the verb (with the exception of the auxiliary verbs[->21]) remains in the dictionary form (verb + s with he/she/it). Simple Present Timeline
past [i do]future
Q) "Where do you live?" A) "I live in Germany."
Q) "Where does he live?" A) "He lives in Germany."
Q) "What do you do?" A) "I'm a teacher."
Q) "What does he do?" A) "He's a teacher."
The simple present tense is also used to show how often something happens with adverbs of frequency[->22] - always, usually, often, sometimes, occasionally, seldom, rarely, never, etc.... And when discussing daily, weekly, monthly etc. routines. For example:
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