Past Movements in Education and Analysis of Curricuar Reforms in the Elementary, Secondary and Tertiary Levels

Satisfactory Essays
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
GRADUATE SCHOOL
Doctor in Educational Management
Manila

The Past Movement for Social Change in the Educational System &
Analysis of Curricular Reforms in the Elementary, Secondary and Tertiary Levels

A Written Report in
DEM 736-Systems Analysis in Education

Submitted to:

DE DRACIA
Subject Specialist

Submitted by:

MARY ANN B. PASCUA
DEM Student

March 16, 2013

Introduction

Education has always been considered a very important basic tool in improving not just the quality of an individual’s life, but in achieving overall social and economic progress of the whole nation as well. For an individual, it must be treated as a continuous process that should not end when graduation rites in each particular level of schooling are being held. True education is life, it must always be a part of our daily living, whether through formal or informal means. Educational systems in general, and educational curriculum in particular, also need not to be static. The curriculum should respond to the demands of a fast-changing society. To some extent, it should also be global or internationally-aligned. These are the reasons why foreign and local educational educators in the past and until now have been introducing educational reforms and innovations. They have been searching means to address the problems being met in the implementation of a certain curriculums and to ensure the total development of every learner.

I. The Past Movements for Social Change in the School System Social change affects education. Centuries ago, pioneers of education have sought to introduce renewal in education. Their ideas were far ahead than the actual renewal that took place later on. Among them were Commenius, Condorcet, Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Froebel, Dewey, Drecoly, Montessori and Freinet. 1. Johann Amos Commenius -“Father of Modern Education” Most permanent educational



References: Zwaenepoel, Paul P. Systems Analysis in Education (Second Edition). Manila:UST Publishing House.1985 K TO 12 TOOLKIT: A Reference Guide for Teacher Educators, School Administrators and Teachers (2012) Manual on The K to 12 Basic Education Program (as of March 12, 2012) Elementary and Secondary Education Curricula by Teodora Vitug (August 1, 2012) Secondary Education Curriculum by Dr. Maria Theresa Pelones (Dec. 9, 2011) World Data on Education ( VII Ed “Time for leapfrogging reforms in higher education” by Chelo Banal-Formoso (Philippine Daily Inquirer, February 25, 2013) The Proposed Tertiary-Level General Education Program by Joel Tabora, S.J Education reform in the Philippines-Why CHED is rushing by Isagani Cruz (The Philippine Star, 5 March - 16 April 2009) “Enhanced K-12 Basic Education;” Florangel Rosario-Braid CHED Memorandum Order No. 64, S. 1997 CHED Memorandum Order No

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