Parts of Speech

Topics: Pronoun, Grammatical number, Grammar Pages: 6 (967 words) Published: August 23, 2013
Nouns
Nouns are a part of speech typically denoting a person, place, thing, animal or idea. These are the subjects in the sentence. Kinds of Nouns
Common Nouns
A common noun is the word used for a class of person, place or thing.

Examples:
* Car
* Man
* Bridge
* Town
* Water
* Metal
* Ammonia
Proper Nouns
A proper noun is the name of a person, place or thing (i.e., its own name). A proper noun always starts with a capital letter.

Examples:
* Michael 
* Africa
* Peking
* Dayton Peace Accord
* United Nations
* The Tower of London
* Uncle George
(Uncle is written with a capital letter because it is part of his name.) * My favourite auntie is Auntie Sally. 
(In this example, the first auntie is a common noun, but the second Auntie is part of a proper noun.) * The Red Lion
Collective Nouns
A collective noun is the name of a number (or collection) of people or things taken together and spoken of as one whole.
Examples:
* team
* choir
* flock
* gang
* pack
Abstract Nouns
An abstract noun is a type of noun that refers to something with which a person cannot physically interact. A noun that is abstract is an aspect, concept, idea, experience, state of being, trait, quality, feeling, or other entity that cannot be experienced with the five senses.

Examples:
* love
* joy
Compound Nouns
Are nouns that are made up of more than one word
Examples:
* court-martial
* pickpocket
* water bottle
* dining-table
*  boyfriend
Count Nouns
a count noun (also countable noun) is a common noun that can be modified by a numeral and that occurs in both singular and plural form.
Examples:
* Five table
* One chair
* Seven awards
* Twelve candidates
*  Six bottles
Mass Nouns
Also known as non-countable nouns these are the things you cannot count
Examples:
* Food
* music

Pronouns
Pronouns are words that substitute for nouns a person, place, thing, or an idea.

Kinds of Pronouns
Personal Pronouns:  
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person, second person, or third person.              
             
SINGULAR| PLURAL|
| subjective| objective| possessive| subjective| objective| possessive| 1st person| I| me| my, mine| we| us| our, ours|
2nd person| you| you| your, yours| you| you| your, yours| 3rd person| hesheit| himherit| hisher,  hersits| they | them| their, theirs|          Demonstrative Pronouns:  
Demonstrative pronouns stand in for a person, place or thing that must be pointed to. They may function as subjects, objects or objects of the preposition are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person, second person, or third person.     

    

Reflexive / Intensive Pronouns :  the "self" pronoun
These pronouns can be used only to reflect or intensify a word already there in the sentence. Examples:
* myself
* yourself
* himself
* herself
* itself
* themselves
* yourselves

Indefinite Pronouns
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to one or more unspecified beings, objects, or places.

Singular:
 
one| someone| anyone| no one| everyone|
each| somebody| anybody| nobody| everybody|
(n)either| something| anything| nothing| everything|
                  
Plural:     

Interrogative Pronouns:
Interrogative pronouns produce information questions that require more than a “yes” or “no” answer.

 Relative Pronouns
Relative pronouns introduce relative (adjectival) clauses.

Verb

The verb is perhaps the most important part of the sentence. A verb or compound verb asserts something about the subject of the sentence and express actions, events, or states of...
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