Parliamentary Government vs. Presidential Government
1) Parliamentary form of Government in the UK a) What is the Parliamentary form of Government? b) Essential features c) Advantages and Disadvantages of this type 2) Presidential form of Government in the USA d) What is the Presidential form of Government? e) Essential features f) Advantages and Disadvantages of this type 3) Comparison between the two types 4) Bibliography
Parliamentary form of Government
What is the Parliamentary form of Government?
This system of Government is named after the term ‘Parliament’ which is derived from the French expression ‘parlement’ which means ‘speaking’. This form of Government can be traced back to the medieval days when the King of England had to consult the Great Council of Barons (the British nobles). By the mid-14th century the Parliament/Council was organised into two Houses-the House of Commons and the House of Lords. And in the course of time, the House of Commons became an assembly of representatives of the people.
The United Kingdom is a unitary democracy governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state and the is the head of the Government. The Monarch enjoys only nominal powers. The real power lies with the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister, which is responsible to the House of Commons. The British Queen acts on the advice of the Council of Ministers. Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish Parliament and Welsh and Northern Ireland assemblies.
This system is called the Parliamentary form of Government since under this system the Parliament is supreme. Under this system there is a close relationship between the Executive and the Legislature. In fact, the Executive is a part of the Legislature-the
Bibliography: * Oxford History The Trail Book * www.usaparliamentary.org * www.britannica.com/parliametary+governmant * www.wikipedia.org/presidential+government * APC Modern Indian History Contemporary World and Civics Class X * www.ehoe.com/advantages+of+presidential+governmant