Parkinsons Disease

Good Essays
Parkinson’s Disease

Background: Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, progressive disorder that affects the motor system. It usually develops in men and women after the age of 50. Sometimes Parkinson’s Disease can be hereditary. Parkinson’s was known in ancient times, however it was not officially considered a recognized medical condition until 1817 when Doctor James Parkinson published an essay called essay was called "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy” that strongly encouraged people to study the disease. In the 1960s, researchers discovered that low dopamine levels were linked to Parkinson’s disease, leading to the first effective treatment of the disease.
Etiology:
When about 60-80 percent of the neurons that make dopamine, a chemical that regulates the body’s movements and emotions, shut down, the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease begin to appear.
Symptoms:
• Shaking limbs
• Slowness in voluntary movements
• Stiff muscles
• Poor balance and coordination
• Slow blinking
• Difficulty swallowing
• Muscle aches and pains
• Slowed, quiet, monotonous speech
• Postural instability
• Muscle degeneration
Diagnosis:
One step in diagnosing Parkinson’s is undergoing a neurological examination. In the neurological examination, the doctor observes the patients movements and coordination carefully and asks family and friends of the patient about his or her symptoms. There are no definitive tests that can diagnose a person with Parkinson’s, so a doctor must judge how well the symptoms and results of the neurological examination match up to that of Parkinson’s disease.
Medical Treatment: There is no known cure for Parkinson’s, but. Some medications can increase the amount of dopamine that is in the brain in order to suppress the symptoms. There are also surgeries to help ease the symptoms.
Psychosocial treatment: There are support groups to help people cope with their disease.
Prognosis:
The outcome of treatments for Parkinson’s varies from person



References: Parkinson ’s disease (2011). Retrieved August 31, 2012 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001762/ Parkinson’s Disease Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) (2012) Retrieved August 31, 2012 from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons_disease/parkinsons_disease.htm National Parkinson Foundation- What is Parkinson’s (PD)? (2012) Retreived August 31, 2012 from http://www.parkinson.org/Parkinson-s-Disease/PD-101/What-is-Parkinson-s-disease Movement Disorder and Parkinson’s- Washington D.C. (N.D.) Retrieved September 5, 2012 from http://www.medstargeorgetown.org/body_dept.cfm?id=1236&gclid=CIOWxbKPkrICFWlnOgodZTgAhg Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease (2010) Retrieved September 5, 2012 from http://www.umm.edu/parkinsons/diagnosis.htm

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    Parkinson Disease

    • 1241 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Parkinson disease is a gradually progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. Parkinson disease belongs to a group of conditions called movement disorders. There are four characteristic problems caused by Parkinson disease, including tremor at rest, balance problems, stiffness, and slowness of movement. Parkinson disease occurs when areas of the brain, including an area called the substantia nigra, is slowly destroyed. The exact reason for this destruction is not completely known…

    • 1241 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson Disease

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Scenario N.J. is a 70-year-old man with a 4-year history of Parkinson's disease (PD). He is a retired engineer, is married, and lives with his wife in a small farming community. He has three adult children who live close by. Since his last visit to the clinic 6 months ago, N.J. reports that his tremors are “about the same” as they were; however, further questioning reveals that he feels his gait is perhaps a little more unsteady, and his fatigue is slightly more noticeable. N.J. is also concerned…

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson Disease

    • 355 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Parkinson disease is a disease of the nervous system that affects movement. The disease is characterized by progressive loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic cells due to a dopamine deficiency. Brain cell connections degenerate and die causing memory loss and destroying other important mental functions. Researchers are still unsure as to why the disease develops. A combination of genetic and environmental factors are thought to contribute to the risk of getting Parkinson's, says Catherine Kopil, PhD…

    • 355 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Parkinson S Disease

    • 998 Words
    • 3 Pages

    March 2015 Parkinson’s Disease One million Americans suffer from Parkinson’s disease. This disease involves movement of body parts that trigger the brain and it’s unstoppable. Research study shows that this disease comes from a nerve cells in a area of the brain. It is chronic cause by a decrease in production of dopamine in the body. This Neurotransmitter Dopamine is cause for the body’s smooth muscle movement. When Dopamine no longer produced by the body this disease start to shows its symptoms…

    • 998 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson Disease Outline

    • 1100 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Parkinson disease What is Parkinson disease? Parkinson disease is a degenerative neurologic condition that typically causes progressive tremor, slowed movement, muscle stiffness, and trouble walking. Eventually, individuals may develop behavioral changes. Most people develop symptoms during middle age (around age 56). The condition usually starts with shaking or tremor in one arm. Over time, patients may become physically disabled without the ability to perform daily activities. In fact, Parkinson…

    • 1100 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Parkinsons Disease

    • 2316 Words
    • 10 Pages

    Introduction Parkinson’s disease is a common disease facing many older people across the world. It affects the central nervous system and it impairs cognitive processes, motor skills and other functions. This disease mostly affects the older generation and it manifests itself with symptoms which include rigidity, tremor, postural instability, slowness in movement and others. Other symptoms include sleep difficulties, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. Parkinson’s disease has a high prevalence rate…

    • 2316 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson Disease Stages

    • 383 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The Parkinson disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder (it will worsen over time). There are no cure to the disease. There are five stages in “The Parkinson Disease”, though it is not uncommon to skip some of the stages. At the first stage the symptoms are so minimal that they're often missed. However family and relatives might see a change in the person's walk, posture or facial expression. At the second stage the symptoms are way more noticeable. The symptoms from stage one…

    • 383 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson Disease Essay

    • 2182 Words
    • 9 Pages

    Parkinson Disease Parkinson disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder which affects 1.5 percent of global population over the age of sixty five years old and nearly one million patients in America. It was first described by a man named James Parkinson in 1817 whom called it the shaking palsy (in his work named "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy"). (Goetz) He noticed a collection of symptoms based on the way that these patients moved, including, the rest tremor, bradykinesia (slowness of…

    • 2182 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson disease

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages

    When was the last time you considered the odds of your life panning out in the exact way that it has? Most of the time, the role of chance in our lives goes completely unnoticed, even as it shapes every aspect of our lives and our world. People are hardwired to assign blame or credit to one particular person or event that we think “caused” something to happen. In reality, causation is not a straight line, leading from one cause to one effect to one aftereffect. It’s more like a huge spider web, with…

    • 496 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Parkinson Disease Parkinson’s disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects movement. The most well-known sign of Parkinson disease is the tremor in just one hand. Family can notice that you have Parkinson disease when there’s little expression in your face and you don’t swing your arms when you walk. Speech often becomes soft and mumbling. Parkinson disease symptoms tend to worsen as the disease progresses. There are many different medicines that treat this disease, but…

    • 879 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays