Parenting Styles; Then and Now
We as parents, expect our children to make mistake, and as we have learn from them. I grew up in the era of Tough Love, what you see is what you get. In my day parents did not give praise for things you were expected to know. When you did something wrong either you were punished, disciplined (spanked) or both. Today we see parents praising their children more, but we also see some children raising themselves. So are these the parenting styles we expect in today’s society? There has been research on parenting styles. In the 1960’s Diana Baumrind conducted a study on more than 100 pre-school age children, in this research in this she identified four important dimensions of parenting: Disciplinary strategies
Warmth and nurturance
Expectations of maturity and control
Based on these dimensions, the majority of parents displayed one of three different parenting styles. Further research by Maccoby and Martin in 1983, also suggested the addition of a fourth parenting style. What are the impacts of these parenting styles have on child development outcomes? In addition to Baumrind's initial study of 100 preschool children, researchers have conducted numerous other studies that have led to a number of conclusions about the impact of parenting styles on children. •Authoritarian parenting styles generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient, but they rank lower in happiness, social competence and self-esteem. •Authoritative parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable and successful (Maccoby, 1992). •Permissive parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation. These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school. •Uninvolved parenting styles rank lowest across all life domains. These children tend to lack self-control, have...
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