Parenting Psychology

Topics: Parenting styles, Developmental psychology, Parenting Pages: 2 (662 words) Published: October 16, 2012
Parenting is basically the rearing of a child or children. A parent has a huge if not the most effect on children development. Some children were raised in different cultures and environments than others which lead to diversity in everyone’s behaviors and personalities. For example children who are raised by foster care, single parent and abusive parents are categorically different from those who are raised from suitable two parent homes. Although various parents’ different ways and means of raising their children it is observed that the primary role of parents is to influence, teach and control. There are basically four parenting style in existence, Permissive/Indulgent parenting, Authoritarian parenting, Authoritative parenting and Uninvolved parenting. Permissive/Indulgent parenting these are the type of parents that request very few demands of their children, these children in this environment are hardly ever disciplined by their parents, and according to studies these parents are more responsive than they are demanding. They are not like the typical parent and they are very nurturing and take on the role of more of a friendly like status than a parenting one. The impact on parenting styles often results in children ranking low in happiness and self-regulations. These children are more likely to experiencing problems with authority officials and also tend to perform low in school academics. Authoritarian parenting is highly directive and demanding, they expect their children to carry out their orders with no reasonable explanation. For example, if asked to explain, the parent might simply reply, "Because I said so." Failures to do so usually result in punishment, these parents has high demands but are not responsive to their children. Authoritarian parenting styles generally lead to children who are obedient and proficient, but they rank lower in happiness, social competence and self-esteem. Authoritative parenting this type of parenting is similar to...

References: Baumrind, D. (1967). Child-care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75, 43-88.
Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. Journal of Early Adolescence, 11(1), 56-95.
Maccoby, E. E., & Martin, J. A. (1983). Socialization in the context of the family: Parent–child interaction. In P. H. Mussen & E. M. Hetherington, Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 4. Socialization, personality, and social development (4th ed.). New York: Wiley.
Maccoby, E.E. (1992). The role of parents in the socialization of children: An historical overview. Developmental Psychology, 28, 1006-1017.
Nancy Darling , Parenting style and its correlates
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