How to raise children is not passed down genetically from parent to child, but the question remains on how and or what the appropriate manner is to rear a child. In psychology it is understood that the cognitive mind learns through experience and how a person perceptually interprets the environment (Baumrind, D. (1967). In the earlier years children have a specific time in which there mind is like a sponge and can absorb so much information. Do different parenting styles affect this ability of absorbing information? Many studies have shown that yes parents have a great influence on their children; this paper will give insight into the different styles of parenting, as well as how education in children is attained cognitively.
Family influence is crucial in a child and the influence comes with many factors that contribute to the development of young children. Studies have shown that even the order of which you are born can determine your childhood experience (Maccoby, E.E. (1992). Lets take a family of five, two parents and three sons each born one year apart, how can we explain how family hierarchy can affect development? In this scenario the firstborn son will always be that, the firstborn. Studies have shown that the firstborn child can benefit in the sense that the parents are new and they learn with the child. The learning process can create a greater bond as well as strengthen the stigma of being the firstborn. The third child according to studies is the one member of the family that takes in all the benefits. The third child has experienced parents, as well as the distinction of being the “baby” of the family. The two examples of the firstborn and the third child can create two different developmental environments for the middle child. This family hierarchy will create either discomfort for the middle child in the sense that he could be ignored; for example in a teenage setting where the older child is preparing to enter college and the younger child...
References: • Baumrind, D. (1967). Child-care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75, 43-88.
• Maccoby, E.E. (1992). The role of parents in the socialization of children: An historical overview. Developmental Psychology, 28, 1006-1017
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