Topics: Developmental psychology, Childhood, Infant Pages: 3 (1241 words) Published: April 16, 2013
Are Good Parents Born or Made?
“According to research cited by the American Association of University Professors, 87% of women and 81% of men reproduce (Google).” The continuation of human beings as a species revolves around reproduction and growth. Specifically, “there are approximately 490,000 babies born every day worldwide (Yahoo)”; this is an enormous statistic. Of those 490,000 born daily, some are born to two working parents under the age of 30; some are born to teenage single mothers; some are born to late-in-life parents. The lifestyle situations of newborn mothers seem to rival the number of babies who are born. Yet, we hope and in some cases, expect, that no matter into what situation the newborn is born, the child will thrive. Is that expectation reasonable? Experts on childhood growth and development provide new mothers and fathers with research on best practices in ensuring the health, safety and welfare of their newborn. But, depending on the expert and the prevalent philosophy, the practices may conflict. Evidence of this is as follows: “Early in this century, John B. Watson warned parents against spoiling their children with unnecessary displays of affection and recommended imposing regular habits on them in order to instill self-discipline. The ideas of Sigmund Freud swayed the next era toward reasoning with children to help them become insightful individuals, capable of enjoying leisure as well as work. After World War II, permissiveness with children was inferred from the writings of Dr. Benjamin Spock, who enjoined parents to trust their intuitions as they tried to meet their children's needs. Now in the wake of the "Spock era," we can choose from a variety of experts. On the "conservative" side are those who encourage firmness and "tough love" with children. On the "liberal" side are those who minimize confrontation and stress negotiating with children. Finally for the "avant-garde" there is a plethora of...

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