Megan B. Sasser
Dr. Gwynne Pacheco
May 5, 2010
For almost twenty years Ian Chovil (n.d.) was unaware that his behaviors and thoughts were the results from the disabling brain disorder known as schizophrenia. Although Ian was able to go to college and earn his undergraduate degree, he failed graduate school, had no friends, hardly spoke with family, was unable to hold a job for very long, and even went homeless for a time. In a frightening first-hand account of a time in the life of a schizophrenic survivor, Ian Chovil (n.d.) shares his story: Within two years I had relapsed and was homeless on the streets of Calgary. I was sleeping in the single men's hostel and weak from hunger. I didn't get to eat anything at all for over a week because I had no money. I was being watched and followed by this World War Two character who demanded I get a job in construction and shape up. Tibetan Buddhists were reading my mind everywhere I went in Calgary because I had caused the Mt. St. Helen’s eruption earlier that year. They were training me to become a great Buddhist saint which required a life of abject poverty and isolation. I went for ten years more or less like that, completely alone, living five years out west and five years in Toronto, marginally employed, homeless for periods, with no friends, no lovers. At first I was going to be a Tibetan saint, then I realized I was a pawn in a secret war that would determine the fate of humanity, then I was the chosen one that the aliens would rescue from the earth before the great nuclear war. (Condensed Story section, para. 4) During this time Ian also had substance and alcohol abuse problems which did not help with the hallucinations and delusions he was having of people following him and reading his mind. He was eventually placed in a psychiatric hospital for his alcohol abuse and it was there he began taking anti-psychotic medication. Although it took several years for Ian to “come around” he began volunteering in different places in the community, started to make friends again and was eventually able to get a paying job. (Chovil, n.d.) Ian is just one of millions of people who suffer from schizophrenia. He, like many others, has recovered and lives to tell his story.
Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (2010) defines schizophrenia as a “psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought (as delusions), perception (as hallucinations), and behavior.” Schizophrenia is a severe form of mental illness affecting about 24 million people worldwide (World Health Organization, 2010). According to the website Schizophrenia.com (2004), the term schizophrenia was founded in 1911 by the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler. “The word "schizophrenia" comes from the Greek roots schizo (split) and phrene (mind) to describe the fragmented thinking of people with the disorder” (Schizophrenia.com, 2004). This term has caused much confusion in the general public because of the root meaning and should not be confused with ‘split personality disorder’. Paranoid Schizophrenia
According to Mental Health America (2010) schizophrenia can be divided into five subcategories. These five categories are paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, residual schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorder. Charles R. Lake (2008) says that of the five subcategories “paranoid remains the most common subtype of schizophrenia” (p.1151). iHealth (2010) reports that paranoid schizophrenia seems to appear earlier in life for men than for women. Young men are usually diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia in their late teens or early twenties. Women do not usually show signs of paranoid schizophrenia until they are in their twenties or early...
References: Barbato, A. (1998). Schizophrenia and Public Health. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mental_health/media/en/55.pdf
Chovil, I. (n.d.). The Experience of Schizophrenia. Retrieved May 4, 2010 from http://www.chovil.com/index.html#2
iHealth. (2010). Paranoid Schizophrenia. Retrieved on May 4, 2010 from http://www.ihealthdirectory.com/paranoid-schizophrenia/
Lake, C. R. (2008). Hypothesis: Grandiosity and Guilt Cause Paranoia; Paranoid Schizophrenia is a Psychotic Mood Disorder; a Review. Schizophrenia Bulletin, (34)6, 1151-1162. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbm132
Mental Health America
National Institute of Mental Health. (2009). Schizophrenia. Retrieved on May 4, 2010 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/schizophrenia/schizophrenia-booket-2009.pdf
Psychiatric Disorders. (n.d.). Causes of Schizophrenia: Genetics, Environment, and Dopamine. Retrieved on May 4, 2010 from http://www.psychiatric-disorders.com/articles/schizophrenia/schizophrenia-causes.php
Schizophrenia.com. (2004). The History of Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.schizophrenia.com/history.htm
World Health Organization. (2010). Paranoid Schizophrenia. In International Classification of Diseases (10th ed.). Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/classifications/apps/icd/icd10online/
World Health Organization
Yung, A. R. and McGorry, P. D. (1996). The Prodromal Phase of First-Episode Psychosis: Past and Current Conceptualizations. Schizophrenia Bulletin, (22)2, 353-370.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document