Paragraph Transitions

Topics: Paragraph, Ulysses S. Grant, Cod fisheries Pages: 4 (709 words) Published: October 6, 2013
Paragraphs represent the basic unit of composition: one idea, one paragraph. However, to present a clear, unified train of thought to your readers, you must make sure each paragraph follows the one before it and leads to the one after it through clear, logical transitions. Keep in mind that adequate transitions cannot simply be added to the essay without planning. Without a good reason for the sequence of your paragraphs, no transition will help you. Transitions can be made with particular words and phrases created for that purpose--conjunctive adverbs and transitional phrases--or they can be implied through a conceptual link.

Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Phrases

Conjunctive adverbs modify entire sentences in order to relate them to preceding sentences or paragraphs; good academic writers use many of them, but not so many that they overload the page. Here is a list of some of them, courtesy of The Brief Holt Handbook:

accordingly
also
anyway
besides
certainly
consequently
finally
furthermore
hence
however
incidentally
indeed
instead
likewise meanwhile
moreover
nevertheless
next
nonetheless
now
otherwise
similarly
still
then
thereafter
therefore
thus
undoubtedly

Transitional phrases can perform the same function:

in addition
in contrast
for example
for instance of course
as a result
in other words
as a result

Use them wisely and sparingly, and never use one without knowing its precise meaning.

Implied or Conceptual Transitions

Not every paragraph transition requires a conjunctive adverb or transitional phrase; often, your logic will appear through a word or concept common to the last sentence of the preceding paragraph and the topic sentence of the following paragraph. For example, the end of a paragraph by Bruce Catton uses a demonstrative adjective, "these," to modify the subject of the topic sentence so that it will refer to a noun in the last...
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